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Indian Journal of Dermatology
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  Official organ of AADV
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   2008| January-March  | Volume 53 | Issue 1  
    Online since April 25, 2008

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Adverse cutaneous drug reaction
Surajit Nayak, Basanti Acharjya
January-March 2008, 53(1):2-8
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39732  PMID:19967009
In everyday clinical practice, almost all physicians come across many instances of suspected adverse cutaneous drug reactions (ACDR) in different forms. Although such cutaneous reactions are common, comprehensive information regarding their incidence, severity and ultimate health effects are often not available as many cases go unreported. It is also a fact that in the present world, almost everyday a new drug enters market; therefore, a chance of a new drug reaction manifesting somewhere in some form in any corner of world is unknown or unreported. Although many a times, presentation is too trivial and benign, the early identification of the condition and identifying the culprit drug and omit it at earliest holds the keystone in management and prevention of a more severe drug rash. Therefore, not only the dermatologists, but all practicing physicians should be familiar with these conditions to diagnose them early and to be prepared to handle them adequately. However, we all know it is most challenging and practically difficult when patient is on multiple medicines because of myriad clinical symptoms, poorly understood multiple mechanisms of drug-host interaction, relative paucity of laboratory testing that is available for any definitive and confirmatory drug-specific testing. Therefore, in practice, the diagnosis of ACDR is purely based on clinical judgment. In this discussion, we will be primarily focusing on pathomechanism and approach to reach a diagnosis, which is the vital pillar to manage any case of ACDR.
  13,516 1,195 17
CASE REPORTS
Giant pedunculated seborrheic keratosis of penis
Jagdeep S Thakur, Anamika Thakur, CGS Chauhan, Vijay K Diwana, DC Chauhan
January-March 2008, 53(1):37-38
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39743  PMID:19967020
Seborrheic keratosis of the penis is a rare entity. It has been mistaken as genital warts and differentiation is only made on histopathology. We are reporting a case presenting as multiple giant polypoidal lesions on the penile skin for the last 20 years. Seborrheic keratosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pedunculated lesions of the penis. The histopathology after shave excision will be diagnostic.
  11,043 183 6
Avascular necrosis: A rare complication of steroid therapy for pemphigus
Vibhu Mendiratta, Anamita Khan, RS Solanki
January-March 2008, 53(1):28-30
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39739  PMID:19967016
A patient of pemphigus vulgaris presented with avascular necrosis of the femur after long-term high-dose corticosteroid therapy. Corticosteroids used on a long-term basis can cause avascular necrosis of bone and this has been seen in various diseases. This is attributable to both the disease process itself and the therapy i.e. corticosteroid usage. In dermatological practice avascular necrosis of bone has been seen more commonly with SLE and also with psoriasis using long-term steroids. Avascular necrosis in a case of pemphigus on steroid therapy is a rare finding. We report such a case of pemphigus vulgaris developing avascular necrosis of bone following corticosteroid therapy.
  10,469 229 -
BASIC RESEARCH
Application of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR based restriction fragment length polymorphism for detection and identification of dermatophytes from dermatological specimens
R Bagyalakshmi, B Senthilvelan, KL Therese, S Murugusundram, HN Madhavan
January-March 2008, 53(1):15-20
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39735  PMID:19967012
Objective: To develop and optimize polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) targeting 18S rDNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of fungi for rapid detection and identification of dermatophytes. Materials and Methods: Two PCR-RFLP methods targeting 18S rDNA and ITS regions of fungi were optimized using standard and laboratory isolates of dermatophytes and other fungi. Sixty-eight dermatological clinical specimens (nail clippings (56), material obtained from blisters (8), hair root (2), scraping from scaly plaque of foot (1) and skin scraping (1) collected by the dermatologist were subjected to both the optimized PCR-RFLP and conventional mycological (smear and culture) methods. Results: PCRs targeting 18S rDNA and the ITS region were sensitive to detect 10 picograms and 1 femtogram of T. rubrum DNA, respectively. PCR targeting 18S rDNA was specific for dermatophytes and subsequent RFLP identified them to species level. PCR-RFLP targeting the ITS region differentiated dermatophytes from other fungi with identification to species level. Among the 68 clinical specimens tested, both PCR-RFLP methods revealed the presence of dermatophytes in 27 cases (39.7%), whereas culture revealed the same only in 2 cases (7.40%), increasing the clinical sensitivity by 32.3%. Among 20 smear positive specimens, both PCR-RFLP methods detected dermatophytes in 12 (17.6%). Both the methods detected the presence of dermatophytes in 13 (19.11%) smear and culture negative specimens, increasing the clinical sensitivity by 36.1%. Conclusion: PCR-RFLP methods targeting 18S rDNA and the ITS regions of fungi were specific and highly sensitive for detection and speciation of dermatophytes.
  8,488 476 9
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Thyroid dysfunction and thyroid antibodies in Iranian patients with vitiligo
Sedighe Moradi, Gholamhossein Ghafarpoor
January-March 2008, 53(1):9-11
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39733  PMID:19967010
Vitiligo is a common skin disorder, and the pathogenesis is unknown. An increased prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases has been described in these patients. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction and hypoparathyroidism in patients with vitiligo. Materials and Methods: One hundred and nine patients (38 males and 71 females with vitiligo were enrolled. Thyroid physical examination was carried out. Thyroid function tests, thyroid antibodies, calcium and phosphorus were assessed. The collected data were analysed by SPSS version 11. Results: Thyromegaly was found in 30.1% of patients. Hypothyroidism was found in 16 (15.7%) out of 109 cases. Two of them had clinical and 14 had subclinical hypothyroidism. One patient had Grave's disease. Antibody positivity was the most common disorder (anti-TPO and anti-tg were positive in 36.7 and 32.1%, respectively). No patient had hypoparathyroidism. Conclusion: According to our study, thyroid dysfunction, particulary hypothyroidism and thyroid antibodies increase in patients with vitiligo. We recommend thyroid antibodies assessment and thyroid function evaluation in these patients.
  6,369 304 7
CASE REPORTS
Esophageal lichen planus: A case report and review of literature
KS Madhusudhan, Raju Sharma
January-March 2008, 53(1):26-27
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39738  PMID:19967015
Lichen planus is a rare cause of esophagitis and esophageal stricture. It is invariably associated with oral mucosal involvement and the diagnosis has to be considered in such patients presenting with dysphagia. We present a case of esophageal stricture secondary to lichen planus.
  6,313 156 9
Myxoid neurofibroma: An unusual presentation
Rosa Maria Ponce-Olivera, Andres Tirado-Sanchez, Amelia Peniche-Castellanos, Jorge Peniche-Rosado, Patricia Mercadillo-Perez
January-March 2008, 53(1):35-36
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39742  PMID:19967019
Myxoid neurofibroma (MN) is a benign tumor of perineural cell origin, which is demonstrated with a positive immunohistochemical staining for S-100 protein. The most common locations of the MN are the face, shoulders, arms, periungual and in the feet. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a trunk location is reported. MN should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors on this location.
  6,070 190 4
Hartnup disease
AB Patel, AS Prabhu
January-March 2008, 53(1):31-32
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39740  PMID:19967017
A 10 year old girl presented with clinical signs and symptoms of the triad of niacin deficiency namely skin eruptions, ataxia, mental changes and diarrhea. Although this deficiency could be nutritional where maize is a staple diet, this patient had neutral aminoaciduria which indicated a defective transport of neutral amino acid transporter in the kidneys and intestine resulting in failure of transport of tryptophan and other neutral (ie, monoaminomonocarboxylic) alpha-amino acids in the small intestine and the renal tubules.
  5,431 190 2
CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL COLLOQUIUM
Clinicopathologic evaluation of mammary Paget's disease
Naser Tayyebi Meibodi, Vahid Mashayekhi Ghoyunlu, Zari Javidi, Yalda Nahidi
January-March 2008, 53(1):21-23
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39736  PMID:19967013
Mammary and extramammary Paget's diseases are rare neoplasms of epidermis and mucosal epithelium. Due to their nonspecific and variable clinical view, they have differential diagnosis with eczema, melanoma, Bowen's disease, etc. To the best of our knowledge, no such study has been performed in Iran regarding the prevalence, clinical aspects, underlying disease and pathological characteristics of these two diseases. In this study, we have evaluated the clinical and histopathological aspects of this disorder. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, all Paget's biopsied samples referred to the Pathology Department of Imam-Reza hospital, Mashhad, since 1984 till 2004 were evaluated. Collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results: Among 98925 specimens, there were 29 cases of Paget's disease. All cases were married women suffering from mammary Paget. The mean age was 53 11 years. Left and right breast involvement was observed in 17 and 12 cases, all unilateral. The most common clinical view was ulcerated (27%) and then erythematosus exudative plaques. More than 50% of patients were symptomatic. Most common symptoms were itching, pain and burning. The exclusive underlying pathological diagnosis was ductal carcinoma (55%). Discussion: In most cases, the clinical view of mammary Paget's disease was helpful. Unilateral ulcerated plaque was the most common clinical sign. Majority of the accompanying pathology was ductal carcinoma. We had no cases of extramammary Paget's disease in our study.
  5,187 194 5
CASE REPORTS
Recurrent herpes zoster duplex symmetricus in HIV infection
TS Rajashekar, Gurcharan Singh, V Shivakumar, Rajendra Okade
January-March 2008, 53(1):33-34
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39741  PMID:19967018
A HIV infected patirent with recurrent herpes zoster has been presented.Recurrence of herpes zoster contralaterally on the same dermatome and concomitant occurrence of three viral infections, viz. HIV, HPV and VZV in the same patient were the unusual and interesting observations in the present case report.
  4,863 178 5
CORRESPONDENCE COLUMN
Vitiligo: Is it just a dermatological disorder?
Harshal T Pandve
January-March 2008, 53(1):40-41
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39745  PMID:19967022
  4,809 220 -
Subcutaneous rhinosporidiosis
Surajit Nayak, Tapas Kumar Rout, Basanti Acharjya, Manoj Kumar Patra
January-March 2008, 53(1):41-43
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39746  PMID:19967023
  4,715 153 1
Skin nodules as a presenting feature of diffuse large B-cell gastric lymphoma
V Satya Suresh Attili, Ullas Batra, PP Bapsy, D Lokanatha, R Clementeena, PP Varma, M Malati, Kamal VS Saini
January-March 2008, 53(1):39-40
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39744  PMID:19967021
  4,666 116 -
Hand-foot syndrome due to capecitabine
Amar Surjushe, Resham Vasani, Sudhir Medhekar, Minal Thakre, DG Saple
January-March 2008, 53(1):43-44
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39747  PMID:19967024
  4,491 197 2
CONCISE COMMUNICATION
Increased incidence of tuberculosis in patients of systemic sclerosis on dexamethasone pulse therapy: A short communication from Kashmir
Qazi Masood Ahmad, Iffat Hassan Shah, Qazi Nauman, Farah Sameem, Javaid Sultan
January-March 2008, 53(1):24-25
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39737  PMID:19967014
Background: Systemic sclerosis is a multi-systemic autoimmune disorder affecting predominantly the skin, lungs, gut and kidneys. Purpose: To report the increased incidence of tuberculosis in patients of systemic sclerosis on dexamethasone pulse (DP) therapy. Methods: Forty-seven patients of systemic sclerosis were included in the study. After taking a complete history and doing a detailed physical examination, the patients were submitted to a battery of investigations including complete hemogram(CBC) with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR(F)), Chest X-ray CXR (PA view) Mantoux test and urine analysis. CBC, ESR and urine examination was done monthly and CXR were repeated six-monthly. Findings: Seven patients on DP therapy developed genitourinary tuberculosis. Four had pulmonary tuberculosis. One patient developed tubercular lymphadenitis, one patient succumbed to miliary tuberculosis. Conclusion: There is an increased incidence of tuberculosis amongst patients of systemic sclerosis on DP therapy. Limitation of the Study: There was no control group of systemic sclerosis patients not on DP therapy to rule out the confounding effect of the disease per se predisposing to tuberculosis as all our patients as a matter of routine were put on steroid pulse. Also, the increased incidence of tuberculosis was detected incidentally while on monthly follow-up.
  4,255 159 5
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Patients' attitude towards medical students rotating in the dermatology clinic
Iqbal Bukhari, Omar AlAkloby, Wafa Al Saeed
January-March 2008, 53(1):12-14
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.39734  PMID:19967011
Objective: To study the attitudes of the patients towards medical students rotating in the dermatology clinic in the King Fahad Hospital of the University (KFHU). Materials and Methods: One hundred and two adult outpatients attending the KFHU in Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia during the period March to June 2004 completed a questionnaire to evaluate their receptiveness towards medical students attending with the dermatologist. Results: Almost 57% preferred physician and medical student participation in their care and 46% welcomed their presence during physical examination. The majority of patients (64.8%) felt comfortable disclosing personal information to the medical student and (68.7%) enjoyed the interaction with the medical students. Patients (63.7%) agreed that the students understood their healthcare needs. Conclusion: The majority of the patients in this study enjoyed their interactions with the students and felt comfortable disclosing information. Some patients want to spend time alone with the physician so permission for medical student participation should be requested.
  3,635 145 1
EDITORIAL
Glorious past, brighter future
Sandipan Dhar
January-March 2008, 53(1):1-1
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.40563  PMID:19967008
  2,751 143 -
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