Indian Journal of Dermatology
RESIDENT PAGE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 276--279

Vaccines in dermatology


Mitali M Shah, Aishani C Shah, Rashmi S Mahajan, Freny E Bilimoria 
 Department of Dermatology, Sumandeep Vidhyapeeth, Waghodia Road, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Mitali M Shah
Department of Dermatology, Sumandeep Vidhyapeeth, Waghodia Road, Piparia, Vadodara 391 760, Gujarat
India

Abstract

A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a specific disease. More than two centuries have passed since the first successful vaccine for smallpox was developed. We«SQ»ve come a long way since. Today«SQ»s vaccines are among the 21 st century«SQ»s most successful and cost-effective public health tools for preventing diseases.



How to cite this article:
Shah MM, Shah AC, Mahajan RS, Bilimoria FE. Vaccines in dermatology.Indian J Dermatol 2015;60:276-279


How to cite this URL:
Shah MM, Shah AC, Mahajan RS, Bilimoria FE. Vaccines in dermatology. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Sep 26 ];60:276-279
Available from: https://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2015/60/3/276/156378


Full Text

 Introduction



To become permanently immune to some illness, you must either catch it or be vaccinated against it.

Vaccine is an antigenic substance prepared from the causative agent of a disease or a synthetic substitute, used to provide immunity against disease.

During vaccination, a harmless version of a germ is introduced to the body and the immune system responds by producing antibodies to attack the intruder. Thereafter, a memory of this "invasion" remains so that the immune system can quickly recognize and neutralize disease causing agents when they appear [Figure 1].{Figure 1}

Different Types of Vaccines [1]

Weaker or attenuated viruses to generate immunityLive viruses that have been attenuated (weakened or altered so as not to cause illness)Inactivated or killed organisms or virusesInactivated toxins (for bacterial diseases where toxins generated by the bacteria, and not the bacteria themselves, cause illness)Segments of the pathogen (this includes both subunit and conjugate vaccines).

As dermatologists, we should be aware of the practical significance of the commonly used vaccines. Further, vaccines are newer options for prevention of transmission of several communicable diseases. Herein the commonly used and experimental vaccines of relevance to dermatology have been elucidated in a simplified manner [Table 1] and [Table 2] [9].{Table 1}{Table 2}

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