Year : 2006 | Volume
: 51 | Issue : 2 | Page : 149--150
Pattern of skin diseases in Imphal
Th. Bijayanti Devi, G Zamzachin
Department of Dermatology Regional Institute of Medical Sciences Imphal, India
Th. Bijayanti Devi
C/o Dr. H. Manihar Singh, Yaiskul Chingakham Leikai, Imphal - 795001
Background and Aims: It is generally agreed that the pattern of skin diseases differs in different countries, and within various regions of a country depending on social, economic, racial and environmental factors. Many workers have reported various patterns of skin diseases in different parts of India. So far no such report is available for this border state of North East India. To fill the lacunae we decided to undertake a retrospective study of the skin disease pattern in this premier hospital of Manipur. Materials and Methods: All the newly diagnosed cases attending the OPD of Dermatology and Venereology, RIMS Hospital Imphal, during the period of 2 years starting from 1st January 1999 to 31st December, 2000 were included in the study. Diagnosis was done on clinical grounds and laboratory investigations were done whenever required. Results: Eczema (17.48%), fungal infections (17.19%), pyodermas (9.10%) and scabies (8.97%) were the major skin diseases. STD«SQ»s accounted for (3.60%) of the cases. Genodermatoses (0.01%) formed the minimal number of cases. Conclusion: Eczema was the commonest group of disorders. Out of the infective skin disorders fungal infections were the commonest group. Genodermatoses formed the least number of cases.
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Devi T, Zamzachin G. Pattern of skin diseases in Imphal.Indian J Dermatol 2006;51:149-150
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Devi T, Zamzachin G. Pattern of skin diseases in Imphal. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2006 [cited 2022 Oct 5 ];51:149-150
Available from: https://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2006/51/2/149/26943
Dermatological diseases form an important chunk of disorders in any major hospital. Skin diseases are also influenced by various factors like environment, economy, literacy, racial and social customs. The pattern of skin diseases varies from one country to another country and in various regions within the same country. It is more so in India where climate, socio-economic status, religions and customs are widely varied in different parts of the country. There are some reports regarding the pattern of skin diseases from various parts of India.,, Occasionally skin diseases can be a manifestation of systemic diseases. Moreover, the skin is an important target organ for HIV infection. As the pattern of skin diseases varies in different parts of India we decided to undertake a retrospective analysis of the skin disease pattern as observed in Imphal.
Materials and Methods
All the newly diagnosed cases attending the OPD of Dermatology and Venereology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) Hospital, Imphal, during the period of two years starting from 1st January, 1999 to 31st December 2000 were included in the study. The skin diseases were grouped into infective skin diseases and non-infective skin diseases. Cases with doubtful diagnosis were excluded from the study. Diagnosis was made on clinical grounds and laboratory investigations were done whenever required.
The total number of patients who attended various out patient departments of RIMS hospital during the study period from Jan. 1999 to Dec. 2000 was 451560. Number of new dermatological cases were 29,663 thus forming 6.56% of the total no. of cases. The number of cases and percentage of infective and non-infective diseases are given in [Table 1]. Eczema emerged as the commonest group of disorders (17.48%) followed by fungal infections (17.19%), pyodermas (9.10%) and scabies (8.97%) Dermatophytosis (13.82%) was the commonest fungal infection followed by Pityriasis versicolor (3%), Candidiasis (0.33%) and deep mycosis (0.02%).
Acne vulgaris (6.06%), urticaria (5.68%) and viral infections (3.78%) where the other major disorders. Hansen's disease and tuberculosis of skin formed 0.04% each of the total cases. Vesiculo-bullous disorders formed only 0.09% of the cases, out of which pemphigus vulgaris (0.07%) was comoonest followed by bullous pemphigoid (0.02%. Of the systemic collagen disorders (0.26%); CDLE (0.24%) was commonest followed by SLE (0.01%), Systemic sclerosis (0.01%) and morphoea (0.01%).
In this study Eczema emerged as the single largest group of disorders. Similar findings are also reported by other workers.,,,,,
Fungal infections were the second largest group of disorders. The warm and highly humid climate of the state may account for the high incidence of fungal infections.
The high incidences of Pyodermas and Parasitic infections in our study may be due to the low socio-economic status of such patients, more so in children belonging to rural areas. The scarcity of clean water may act as a contributory factor in this regard. In studies conducted in Delhi and Himachal Pradesh too, these were the commonest dermatoses.
The incidence of viral infection was relatively low (3.78%) in our study as compared to similar studies done in Kashmir (14.0%), Trivandrum (5.10%) and Pune (7.1%). Herpes zoster (1.41%) was the commonest viral infection. The non representation of viral exanthems in our study may be because such patients mainly consult the physician. The low incidence of Hansen's disease in this study (0.04%) is due to the fact that such patients mainly attend leprosy centers where the medicines (MDT) are given free of cost. The low incidence of STD's (3.60%) may be because such patients preferred to attend private clinics due to the social stigma associated with the disease.
Some studies have shown that the incidence of drug reaction necessitating hospital admission ranges from 3-8%. Even though drugs are frequently used for common ailments and over the counter prescriptions are on the rise, the incidence of drug reactions in our study is only 0.42%.
The incidence of melasma was 2.57%. Many melasma patients in our study had associated symptoms of gastritis/PUS. A study in this direction may be interesting.
We are grateful to the Medical Superintendent, RIMS Hospital, Imphal, for allowing us to use the hospital records.
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