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E-IJD® - CORRESPONDENCE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 225
Pattern of peer review in dermatology domain: An analysis of reviewers' profile from publons.com


1 Department of Physiology, Fakir Mohan Medical College and Hospital, Balasore, Odisha, India
2 Department of Physiology, Kalna SD Hospital, Purba Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Date of Web Publication16-Apr-2021

Correspondence Address:
Himel Mondal
Department of Physiology, Fakir Mohan Medical College and Hospital, Balasore, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_326_18

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How to cite this article:
Mondal H, Mondal S. Pattern of peer review in dermatology domain: An analysis of reviewers' profile from publons.com. Indian J Dermatol 2021;66:225

How to cite this URL:
Mondal H, Mondal S. Pattern of peer review in dermatology domain: An analysis of reviewers' profile from publons.com. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 May 11];66:225. Available from: https://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2021/66/2/225/313785




Sir,

Peer review is the cornerstone of a scientific journal. When an author sends manuscript to a journal, the editors first evaluate the manuscript. If it seems interesting, the editor sends it to the peer reviewers. These reviewers invest their time to understand the paper, provide suggestions regarding each section of the manuscript, and finally, convey the decision to the editor. This prepublication peer review helps to improve the quality of the manuscript and reputation of the journal.

After publication of the manuscript, it is exposed to the readers worldwide in an age of open access publication. These readers are also peers and can review the article. This is known as postpublication peer review.[1] Postpublication peer review can point out some lacuna that was not detected by prepublication peer review. In addition, an updated and better methodology for the study can be discussed. Hence, this would help the authors and readers for their future studies.[2]

Many of the open access journals provide a platform for postpublication peer review by allowing “comments” on online articles (available for this journal too). However, the use of that section is rare. PubMed Commons, a platform to add comments on published literature, was introduced in 2013. Unfortunately, it could get approximately 6000 comments against 28,000,000 published articles. With this experience of low input, PubMed Commons has been discontinued.[3]

With this background, we aimed to analyze the pattern of prepublication and postpublication peer review of expert Indian reviewers in dermatology domain. Due to blinding, it is very difficult to trace the reviewers and collect data from them. publons.com, a website maintained by Clarivate Analytics, provides platform for peer reviewers to get credit for both pre- and postpublication peer reviews.[4] It has a database of more than 2 million reviewers worldwide. We searched the profile of Indian peer reviewers in dermatology domain and recorded the following data from each profile: number of journals reviewed for, number of prepublication peer review, and number of postpublication peer review. The study protocol is shown in [Figure 1]. A total of 24 profiles were included in the study; data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the result is shown in [Table 1]. Surprisingly, among 24 profiles, no one did a postpublication peer review.
Figure 1: Procedure of data collection from publons.com

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Table 1: Descriptive statistics for pattern of peer review (n=24), the digits indicate numbers

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In Indian medical education system, little is taught about peer reviewing. However, to become a competent expert in a research field, capabilities of critically reviewing an article are an essential skill.[5] It increases the analytic capabilities and helps to write flawless manuscript in future. Prepublication peer review request comes to limited expert reviewers known or discoverable to the journal editors. This limits the participation of young researchers in prepublication peer review. In contrast, anyone can do a postpublication peer review. Hence, this would help new researchers a lot. The basics of the peer-reviewing skills can always be learned from expert seniors. However, an online course has been developed by publons.com, which can be accessed by anyone from the website and it is free! It teaches the basic skills for peer review. Despite opting for the training, postpublication peer review should be promoted to build a pool of future peer reviewer.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

Both the authors are user of Publons. The first author received training and graduated from Publons Academy.



 
   References Top

1.
Hunter J. Post-publication peer review: Opening up scientific conversation. Front Comput Neurosci 2012;6:63.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Knoepfler P. Reviewing post-publication peer review. Trends Genet 2015;31:221-3.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
PubMed Commons to be Discontinued. NCBI Insights. Available from: https://www.ncbiinsights.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2018/02/01/pubmed-commons-to-be-discontinued/. [Last accessed on 2018 Jul 24].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
USA: Clarivate Analytics. Available from: https://www.publons.com/home/. [Last accessed on 2018 Jul 24].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Ramsden VR, Pimlott N, Woollard R, Kvern B, Handford C, Dunikowski L, et al. Becoming a peer reviewer: Engaging in sharing and gaining knowledge. Can Fam Physician 2014;60:1158-60.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


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