IJD
Indian Journal of Dermatology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 495-499

Clinico-etiological evaluation of chronic leg ulcer in a tertiary care center of eastern India


1 Department of Dermatology, Purulia Government Medical College, Purulia, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Dermatology, IPGMER & SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Dermatology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Dermatology, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Arghyaprasun Ghosh
CF-230, Sector-1, Salt lake City, Kolkata 700 064, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_62_20

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Background: A chronic leg ulcer (CLU) is a significant public health problem. It has various etiologies. Racial, familial, occupational, and social factors may also have an impact on the prevalence of different causes of leg ulcers. Though there are western data on the epidemiology of leg ulcer, similar data are largely unavailable from our part of the world. Aims: We undertook a study in a tertiary care center in eastern India to determine the clinical and etiological pattern of patients with CLU. Materials and Methods: Hundred consecutive patients presenting with CLU, fulfilling the criteria, were included after informed consent. Patients were subjected to proper history taking, clinical examination, routine blood test, and pus for culture and sensitivity test (where needed) along with Ankle Brachial Index (ABI). Results: Among the 100 patients, venous ulcer (34%) was predominant followed by arterial ulcer (14%), mixed arterial and venous ulcer (11%). History of smoking (56%) and obesity (BMI >25) (32%) were the common risk factors in leg ulcer patients. Fifty nine percent of the total CLU were infected and out of this, 86.4% showed growth of microorganisms.Staphylococcus aureus (39%) was the most commonly isolated organism, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (15%). Eleven (24.44%) clinically diagnosed venous ulcer patients showed significantly lower ABI (<0.9) and were diagnosed as mixed ulcer (a venous ulcer with a peripheral arterial disease). Conclusion: Venous ulcer and mixed ulcer are the most common type of CLU.


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