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Indian Journal of Dermatology
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BASIC RESEARCH
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-96

Fine Particulate matter (PM2.5) is a risk factor for dermatitis by promoting the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in keratinocytes


1 Dermatology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
2 Fuyuan (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co. LTD, Shanghai, China
3 School of Public Health, Key Lab of Public Health Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Correspondence Address:
Shuxian Yan
Department of Dermatology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_520_18

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Aim: Common indoor pollutants, as fine particulate matter (PM2.5), can damage people's health and cause skin allergies. However, it remains unknown which common pollutants can lead to allergy, such as, in children atopic dermatitis, and what is the key molecule. This study aimed to investigate the thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) produced from keratinocytes after environmental pollutant stimulation. Methods: PAM212 cells were treated by several pollutants, including PM2.5, formaldehyde, m-xylene, and 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, and tried to analyze their relationships. The mRNA expression level of TSLP was determined by qPCR. The protein level of TSLP was detected by ELISA analysis. Results: The mRNA expression of TSLP was significantly up-regulated when PAM212 cells were stimulated by PM2.5 at 25 μg/ml for 12 h. Meanwhile, the protein level of TSLP in culture supernatant was increased. However, TSLP protein production was not detected in culture supernatant treated with formaldehyde, m-xylene, and 1, 2, 4-trimethylbenzene. Conclusion: PM2.5 promotes the expression of TSLP and may aggravate allergic response using this pathway.


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