Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 250

Role of adjuvant narrow band ultraviolet B phototherapy in the treatment of chronic urticaria

1 Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Iffat Hassan
Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Leprosy, Government Medical College (University of Kashmir), Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_475_16

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Background: Chronic urticaria is a common dermatological disorder that causes a great deal of distress in patients and affects daily life. Narrow band ultraviolet B (NBUVB) has been shown to be an effective treatment in chronic urticaria in few studies. However, the data regarding its role in chronic urticaria are limited. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the role of NBUVB in the treatment of chronic urticaria in combination with antihistamine. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 patients of chronic urticaria were recruited, out of which 40 were allocated to NBUVB-loratadine group and 40 to loratadine group. Patients were assessed using urticaria activity score (UAS) at same point of time, i.e. after 4 weeks (8 sessions), 8 weeks (16 sessions) and at follow up of 4 weeks after stopping the treatment. Results: On comparing the two groups, the mean UAS was significantly lower after 8 and 16 sessions in NBUVB-loratadine group (12.03 v/s 21.43 and 3.54 v/s 17.16, respectively). The difference in reduction of UAS7 in two groups was seen to be statistically significant (P value < 0.01). Conclusion: Thus we conclude that NBUVB may be useful in the treatment of chronic urticaria.

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