Indian Journal of Dermatology
  Publication of IADVL, WB
  Official organ of AADV
Indexed with Science Citation Index (E) , Web of Science and PubMed
Users online: 5514  
Home About  Editorial Board  Current Issue Archives Online Early Coming Soon Guidelines Subscriptions  e-Alerts    Login  
    Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this page Email this page
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-52

Clinical and Histopathological response to multidrug therapy in paucibacillary leprosy at the end of 6 Months: A prospective observational study from eastern India

1 Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Indrashis Podder
Block AD 71, Salt Lake City, Kolkata 700 064, West Bengal
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_80_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: At present, the WHO recommends fixed duration multidrug therapy (FD-MDT) for the treatment of leprosy, in which treatment is provided for a fixed duration regardless of clearance of skin lesions or bacterial status of the patient. There is divided opinion regarding the efficacy of FD-MDT; especially for paucibacillary Hansen's disease, in which treatment is provided for 6 months. In addition, there is a paucity of literature on clinical and histopathological features of treated leprosy. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to prospectively observe the effects of MDT on clinical and histopathological features in paucibacillary leprosy and to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of MDT-paucibacillary (PB) regimen. Materials and Methods: A total of 52 new cases of PB leprosy diagnosed by clinicopathological correlation and slit skin smear were administered standard WHO PB-MDT for 6 months. Patients were reviewed at 3rd month and 6th month of therapy and 3 months posttherapy for their clinical and histopathological assessment. Results: Among 52 new cases of PB-leprosy 43 patients (mean age 31.74 ± 12.2 years, m:f 1.53:1) completed the study as per protocol. Fourteen percent patients recovered completely, 76.7% patients had a residual patch at the end. Number of lesions reduced significantly 2nd follow-up onwards while the lesional size showed significant decrease 1st follow-up onward. Nerve palpability also reduced significantly at treatment completion. Histological improvement was appreciable; lymphocytic infiltration reduced significantly 2nd follow-up onward and presence of granuloma 1st FU onward. Only four patients complained of occasional, uneventful epigastric pain during the study. Conclusion: Although the frequency of persistence of lesions after completion of therapy was high, histological evidence of activity was present in a minority (7%). Thus, the standard WHO MDT-PB regimen was found to be effective, safe and well-tolerated.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded146    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal