Indian Journal of Dermatology
  Publication of IADVL, WB
  Official organ of AADV
Indexed with Science Citation Index (E) , Web of Science and PubMed
Users online: 659  
Home About  Editorial Board  Current Issue Archives Online Early Coming Soon Guidelines Subscriptions  e-Alerts    Login  
    Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this page Email this page

Table of Contents 
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 261-264
Methodology series module 3: Cross-sectional studies

Department of Epidemiologist, MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication13-May-2016

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maninder Singh Setia
MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.182410

Rights and Permissions


Cross-sectional study design is a type of observational study design. In a cross-sectional study, the investigator measures the outcome and the exposures in the study participants at the same time. Unlike in case–control studies (participants selected based on the outcome status) or cohort studies (participants selected based on the exposure status), the participants in a cross-sectional study are just selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set for the study. Once the participants have been selected for the study, the investigator follows the study to assess the exposure and the outcomes. Cross-sectional designs are used for population-based surveys and to assess the prevalence of diseases in clinic-based samples. These studies can usually be conducted relatively faster and are inexpensive. They may be conducted either before planning a cohort study or a baseline in a cohort study. These types of designs will give us information about the prevalence of outcomes or exposures; this information will be useful for designing the cohort study. However, since this is a 1-time measurement of exposure and outcome, it is difficult to derive causal relationships from cross-sectional analysis. We can estimate the prevalence of disease in cross-sectional studies. Furthermore, we will also be able to estimate the odds ratios to study the association between exposure and the outcomes in this design.

Keywords: Cross-sectional studies, design, limitations, strengths

How to cite this article:
Setia MS. Methodology series module 3: Cross-sectional studies. Indian J Dermatol 2016;61:261-4

How to cite this URL:
Setia MS. Methodology series module 3: Cross-sectional studies. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Oct 1];61:261-4. Available from:

   Introduction Top

Cross-sectional study design is a type of observational study design. As discussed in the earlier articles, we have highlighted that in an observational study, the investigator does not alter the exposure status. The investigator measures the outcome and the exposure(s) in the population, and may study their association.

   Design Top

In a cross-sectional study, the investigator measures the outcome and the exposures in the study participants at the same time. Unlike in case–control studies (participants selected based on the outcome status) or cohort studies (participants selected based on the exposure status), the participants in a cross-sectional study are just selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set for the study. Once the participants have been selected for the study, the investigator follows the study to assess the exposure and the outcomes.

After the entry into the study, the participants are measured for outcome and exposure at the same time [Figure 1]. The investigator can study the association between these variables. It is also possible that the investigator will recruit the study participants and examine the outcomes in this population. The investigator may also estimate the prevalence of the outcome in those surveyed.
Figure 1: Example of a cross-sectional study

Click here to view

   Examples of Cross-Sectional Studies Top

Antibiotic resistance in  Propionibacterium acnes Scientific Name Search ana et al., 2016)

A study by Sardana et al . evaluated the antibiotic resistance in isolates of Propionibacterium acnes in a tertiary care hospital in India. They recruited 80 patients of acne vulgaris, collected specimen for isolation from open or closed comedones. These specimens were then cultured, the growth identified, and antibiotic susceptibility and resistance were assessed.

They isolated P. acnes 52% of the cases. In these isolates, resistance for erythromycin, clindamycin, and azithromycin was observed in 98%, 90%, and 100% of the isolates, respectively. However, sensitivity for tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, and levofloxacin was observed in 69%, 56%, 98%, and 90% of the isolates, respectively. We will discuss this study briefly later in the manuscript as well.

HIV and male sex workers (Shinde et al., 2009)

The authors presented a cross-sectional analysis to assess the prevalence of HIV and risk behaviors in male sex workers. They also evaluated the association between HIV and sociodemographic factors. The data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires (for sociodemographic and behavior data), clinical evaluation for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and serological evaluation for STIs (including HIV).

The authors reported that the prevalence of HIV in male sex workers was 33%. They also found that male-to-female transgendered people were significantly more likely to be HIV-infected compared with males (odds ratio [OR]: 3.5, 95% confidence intervals: 1.0, 11.7). Similarly, they also found that HIV prevalence was higher among those in whom sex work was the main occupation compared with those in whom sex work was not the main occupation (40% vs. 7%, P = 0.02).

There are numerous cross-sectional studies in the literature. We encourage the readers to go through some of these studies to understand the design and analysis of cross-sectional studies.

   Measurements in a Cross-Sectional Study Top

  1. Cross-sectional study designs may be used for population-based surveys

    Example: We are interested to know the prevalence of vitiligo in a village. We design a population-based survey to assess the prevalence of this condition. We go to all the houses that were supposed to be included in the study and examine the population. The total sample surveyed is 5686. Of these, we found that 98 individuals have vitiligo. Thus, the prevalence of vitiligo in this community is: Prevalence = 98/5686 or 17.23/1000 population

  2. Cross-sectional studies may also be used for estimating the prevalence in clinic-based studies.Example: Research question – What is the prevalence of HIV in patients presenting with an STI?

    We evaluate 300 patients with an STI clinic. We record this history, clinical examination, and test them for HIV antibodies (using ELISA) during their first visit to the clinic. We find that 60 of these individuals are HIV infected. Thus, we have detected a prevalence of 20% HIV infection among our STI patients. This type of study will be classified as a cross-sectional study. Kindly note that this being a clinic-based study, it may have all the limitations of a clinic-based study. Thus, the prevalence from these data may have limited generalizability. Nonetheless, this type of study design will be classified as a cross-sectional study.
  3. Cross-sectional studies may also be used to calculate the ORs

    For example, if we wish to understand the association between gender and HIV status, we will able to create a 2 × 2 table for the above-mentioned cross-sectional study. Of the 300 individuals evaluated, we have recruited 200 male and 100 female participants. Of the 60 HIV-infected individuals, 50 are males and 10 are females. The 2 × 2 table will be as follows:

    The OR (as discussed in the earlier methodology series – II case–control studies) is AD/BC or 50*90/10*150. Thus, the OR is 3.0. The interpretation of this OR is that males had a higher odds of being HIV infected compared with females. Since the OR is >1, the outcome is more likely in those exposed (males) compared with those who are not exposed (females). However, we will require confidence intervals to comment on further interpretation of the OR.

   Strengths of a Cross-Sectional Study Top

  1. Cross-sectional studies can usually be conducted relatively faster and are inexpensive – particularly when compared with cohort studies (prospective)
  2. These are studies are conducted either before planning a cohort study or a baseline in a cohort study. These types of designs will give us information about the prevalence of outcomes or exposures; this information will be useful for designing the cohort study
  3. These study designs may be useful for public health planning, monitoring, and evaluation. For example, sometimes the National AIDS Programme conducted cross-sectional sentinel surveys among high-risk groups and ante-natal mothers every year to monitor the prevalence of HIV in these groups.

   Limitations of a Cross-Sectional Study Top

  1. Since this is a 1-time measurement of exposure and outcome, it is difficult to derive causal relationships from cross-sectional analysis
  2. These studies are also prone to certain biases. For example, we wish to study the relation between diet and exercise and being overweight/obese. We conduct a cross-sectional study and recruit 250 individuals. We assess their dietary habits, exercise habits, and body mass index at one point of time in a cross-sectional survey. However, individuals who are overweight/obese have started to exercise more or altered their feeding habits (eat more salads). Hence, in a cross-sectional survey, we may find that overweight/obese individuals are also more likely to eat salads and exercise more. Thus, we have to be careful about interpreting the associations and direction of associations from a cross-sectional survey
  3. The prevalence of an outcome depends on the incidence of the disease as well as the length of survival following the outcome. For example, even if the incidence of HIV (number of new cases) goes down in one particular community, the prevalence (total number of cases – old as well as new) may increase. This may be due to cumulative HIV positive cases over a period. Thus, just performing cross-sectional surveys may not be sufficient to understand disease trends in this situation.

   Additional Points Top

As briefly discussed earlier, multiple cross-sectional surveys are used to assess the changes in exposures and outcomes in a particular population.

  1. The National AIDS Control Organisation's Sentinel Surveillance of HIV is an example of “serial cross-sectional study” or “serial survey.” This may be less expensive compared with a cohort study

    Sentinel Surveillance in Antenatal Clinic: The surveillance recruits consecutive consenting pregnant women, aged 15–45 years in these clinics. The exercise has been in place for nearly two decades. The formal annual sentinel surveillance was instituted in 1998. The surveillance provided data on the prevalence of HIV infection in antenatal women, and thus, the trends of HIV infection in this population

    Such surveys are also conducted in female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs, migrants, truckers, and male-to-female transgendered people. Repeated cross-sectional surveys provide useful information on the prevalence of HIV in these groups [Figure 2]. It can be seen that the prevalence has, in general, reduced over the past decade in these groups. Thus, repeated cross-sectional surveys are also useful to monitor the trends over a period.
    Figure 2: Data from National HIV Sentinel Surveillance (2003–2011)*. *Graph generated from data in the National HIV Sentinel Surveillance

    Click here to view

  2. We will discuss the previous study by Sardana et al . They conducted one cross-sectional survey to assess the resistance patterns in P. acnes . If the authors conduct the same study consecutively for two more years, they will provide information on the changing resistance patterns in P. acnes. This will be an example of a serial cross-sectional study.

   Summary Top

In a cross-sectional study, the investigator measures the outcome and the exposures in the study participants at the same time. Unlike in case–control studies (participants selected based on the outcome status) or cohort studies (participants selected based on the exposure status), the participants in a cross-sectional study are just selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set for the study. We can measure the prevalence of disease or calculate the OR as a measure of association. These studies are conducted relatively faster and are inexpensive. However, due to the nature of study design, in general, it is difficult to derive causal relationships from cross-sectional analysis.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   Bibliography Top

  1. Hennekens CH, Buring JE. Epidemiology in Medicine. 1st ed. Philadelphia, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1987.
  2. Jewell N. Statistics for Epidemiology. Boca Raton, US: Chapman and Hall/CRC; 2004.
  3. Rothman KJ, Greenland S, Lash TL. Modern Epidemiology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
  4. Kleinbaum D, Kupper L, Morgenstern H. Epidemiologic Research. New York, US: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.; 1982.
  5. National AIDS Control Organisation. HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2012-13: A Technical Brief. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  6. Sardana K, Gupta T, Kumar B, Gautam HK, Garg VK. Cross-sectional pilot study of antibiotic resistance in Propionibacterium acnes strains in Indian acne patients using 16s-RNA polymerase chain reaction: A comparison among treatment modalities including antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide, and iso tretinoin. Indian J Dermatol 2016;61:45-52.
  7. Setia MS. Methodology series module 1: Cohort studies. Indian J Dermatol 2016;61:21-5.
  8. Setia MS. Methodology series module 2: Case-control studies. Indian J Dermatol 2016B; 61:146-51.
  9. Shinde S, Setia MS, Row-Kavi A, Anand V, Jerajani H. Male sex workers: Are we ignoring a risk group in Mumbai, India? Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2009;75:41-6.
  10. Hulley SB, Cummings SR, Browner WS, Grady D, Hearst N, Newman TB. Designing Clinical Research. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, USA: Lippincot Williams & Wilkins; 2001.
  11. Szklo M, Nieto FJ. Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc.; 2004.


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]

This article has been cited by
1 Arsenic concentration in topsoil of central Chile is associated with aberrant methylation of P53 gene in human blood cells: a cross-sectional study
Eva Madrid, Isabel Gonzalez-Miranda, Sergio Muñoz, Carolina Rejas, Felipe Cardemil, Felipe Martinez, Juan Pablo Cortes, Maite Berasaluce, Mario Párraga
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Smog and cognitive issues in the school going children of Lahore and Islamabad, Pakistan
Z. Naveed, U. Khayyam
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Local communities' knowledge and perception of FLEGT -VPA - insights from Ghana
Yaw Appau, Mercy Afua Adutwumwaa Derkyi
Forest Policy and Economics. 2022; 144: 102837
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Evidence of in-vivo myofascial force transfer in humans- a systematic scoping review
M.S. Ajimsha, Pramod D. Shenoy, Praveen J. Surendran, Prasobh Jacob, Mohammed Jamal Bilal
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2022; 32: 183
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Choosing a package carrier during COVID-19 pandemic: An integration of pro-environmental planned behavior (PEPB) theory and service quality (SERVQUAL)
Josephine D. German, Anak Agung Ngurah Perwira Redi, Yogi Tri Prasetyo, Satria Fadil Persada, Ardvin Kester S. Ong, Michael N. Young, Reny Nadlifatin
Journal of Cleaner Production. 2022; 346: 131123
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 Sociodemographic and clinical correlates of cannabis dependence among Israeli combat veterans
Ariel Asper, Daniel Feingold, Elishav Binenfeld, Harel Pshitizky
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2022; : 108786
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 Necessary political competences for nurses from the perception of the student body: Cross-sectional study in Spain
Águeda Cervera-Gasch, Desirée Mena-Tudela, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Azucena Santillan-Garcia, Laura Andreu-Pejó, Víctor Manuel González-Chordá
Nurse Education Today. 2022; 109: 105229
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 Prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among cotton textile workers in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
N.A. Ali, A. Feroz, A. Khoja
Public Health. 2022; 211: 128
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 Prevalence and associated factors of paternal stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms in the early postnatal period
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Serena FitzGerald, Eileen Savage
Global Mental Health. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 Psychosocial Functioning and Occupational Participation among Adolescent Children of Parents with Mental Illness: A Mixed Methods Study
Sruthi Thommen, Vinita Acharya, Shripathy M. Bhat
Occupational Therapy in Mental Health. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 Comparative Analysis of the Impact of Energy Security on Productivity of SMEs in the Accra Metropolis of Ghana
Jones Lewis Arthur, George Locher
African Geographical Review. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 Can Temporal Self-Regulation Theory and Its Constructs Predict Medication Adherence? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Caitlin Liddelow, Barbara Mullan, Mark Boyes, Mathew Ling
Health Psychology Review. 2022; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 Sex Inequalities in Medical Research: A Systematic Scoping Review of the Literature
Lea Merone, Komla Tsey, Darren Russell, Cate Nagle
Women's Health Reports. 2022; 3(1): 49
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Associations between duration and volume of muscle-strengthening exercise and clinically assessed hypertension among 10 519 UK adults: a cross-sectional study
Jane Shakespear-Druery, Katrien De Cocker, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Jason Bennie
Journal of Hypertension. 2022; 40(5): 947
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
15 Racial Discrimination and Race-Based Biases on Orthopedic-Related Outcomes
Jerenda Bond, Wrenetha A. Julion, Monique Reed
Orthopaedic Nursing. 2022; 41(2): 103
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 Obtaining the best value for money through procurement planning: can procurement regulatory compliance intervene?
Ismail Abdi Changalima, Ismail Juma Ismail, Shadrack Samwel Mwaiseje
Journal of Money and Business. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 The predicting effects of professional governance and structural empowerment on job satisfaction among Jordanian nurses: A cross-sectional study
Wafa'a F. Ta'an, Mohammed Munther Al-Hammouri, Jehad A. Rababah
Journal of Nursing Management. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
18 Saudi nursing student satisfaction and evaluation of reflective practice: A cross-sectional study
Dalyal Nader Al-Osaimi
Nursing Forum. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
19 Wound fluid sampling methods for proteomic studies: A scoping review
Joe Harvey, Kieran T. Mellody, Nicky Cullum, Rachel E. B. Watson, Jo Dumville
Wound Repair and Regeneration. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Relationship of Healthy Building Determinants With Back and Neck Pain: A Systematic Review
Ezequiel D. Gherscovici, John M. Mayer
American Journal of Health Promotion. 2022; : 0890117122
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
21 Resilience: Key Factors Associated With Resilience of Older People in Botswana
Magen Mhaka-Mutepfa, Sheila Shaibu
SAGE Open. 2022; 12(3): 2158244022
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
22 Variation in the Use of Basic Behavioral Management Techniques in General and Pediatric Dental Practice: A Cross-sectional Study
Osama Felemban, Ruba Baamer, Zuhor Bukhari, Khlood Baghlaf, Mariam Aldajani, Ohoud Sijini
Journal of Advanced Oral Research. 2022; : 2320206822
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
23 Exploring the eHealth literacy and mobile health application utilisation amongst Malaysian pharmacy students
Ali Q Blebil, Juman A Dujaili, Ali H Mohammed, Li Ling Loh, Wei Xuan Chung, Tarani Selvam, Joycelyn QL Siow
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 2022; : 1357633X22
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
24 Gait disorders in CKD patients: muscle wasting or cognitive impairment? A cross-sectional pilot study to investigate gait signatures in Stage 1–5 CKD patients
Damiano D. Zemp, Olivier Giannini, Pierluigi Quadri, Marco Rabuffetti, Mauro Tettamanti, Eling D. de Bruin
BMC Nephrology. 2022; 23(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
25 Exploring health provider’s knowledge on the home-based maternal and neonatal health care package in Rwanda
Clemence Nishimwe, Gugu G. Mchunu
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2022; 22(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
26 Do motorcycle helmets reduce road traffic injuries, hospitalizations and mortalities in low and lower-middle income countries in Africa? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Nadifa Abdi, Tara Robertson, Pammla Petrucka, Alexander M. Crizzle
BMC Public Health. 2022; 22(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
27 Applicability of the mandibular canine index for sex estimation: a systematic review
Maille Ferreira Nunes Rocha, Paulo Henrique Viana Pinto, Ademir Franco, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva
Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2022; 12(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
28 Non-technical dimensions of communal wastewater treatment plant sustainability in peri-urban Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Widodo Brontowiyono, Thomas Boving, Adelia Anju Asmara, Suphia Rahmawati, Andik Yulianto, Noviani Ima Wantoputri, Annisa Nur Lathifah, Yuli Andriansyah
F1000Research. 2022; 11: 542
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
29 Are adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at a greater risk of developing depression? Integrative literature review
Rebecca Coley, Kal Alnababtah
British Journal of Nursing. 2022; 31(5): 266
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 Acceptability and associated factors of indoor residual spraying for malaria control by households in Luangwa district of Zambia: A multilevel analysis
Maureen Aongola, Patrick Kaonga, Charles Michelo, Jessy Zgambo, Joseph Lupenga, Choolwe Jacobs, Giridhara R. Babu
PLOS Global Public Health. 2022; 2(8): e0000368
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
31 Identifying cow – level factors and farm characteristics associated with locomotion scores in dairy cows using cumulative link mixed models
Andreas W. Oehm, Roswitha Merle, Annegret Tautenhahn, K. Charlotte Jensen, Kerstin-Elisabeth Mueller, Melanie Feist, Yury Zablotski, Angel Abuelo
PLOS ONE. 2022; 17(1): e0263294
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 A machine learning approach using partitioning around medoids clustering and random forest classification to model groups of farms in regard to production parameters and bulk tank milk antibody status of two major internal parasites in dairy cows
Andreas W. Oehm, Andrea Springer, Daniela Jordan, Christina Strube, Gabriela Knubben-Schweizer, Katharina Charlotte Jensen, Yury Zablotski, Rebecca Lee Smith
PLOS ONE. 2022; 17(7): e0271413
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
33 Wellbeing and coping of UK nurses, midwives and allied health professionals during COVID-19-a cross-sectional study
Patricia Gillen, Ruth D. Neill, John Mallett, John Moriarty, Jill Manthorpe, Heike Schroder, Denise Currie, Susan McGrory, Patricia Nicholl, Jermaine Ravalier, Paula McFadden, Rosemary Frey
PLOS ONE. 2022; 17(9): e0274036
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
34 A roadmap for scientific publications – Part I
Ashok K, Suneetha Rao, Swetha M U, Shruti Mishra, Jyothi S, Prerana Eshwar
International Journal of Oral Health Dentistry. 2022; 8(2): 116
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
35 Common Bias and Challenges in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Research: How to Tackle Them
Aurore Thibaut, Charlotte Beaudart, Géraldine Martens, Stephen Bornheim, Jean-François Kaux
Frontiers in Rehabilitation Sciences. 2022; 3
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
36 Analysis of disease burden in socially disadvantaged areas: Mapping of geographical inequalities in COVID-19 morbidity and mortality using a social disadvantage index in Tennessee
Anzhelika Antipova
Frontiers in Sustainable Cities. 2022; 4
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 Exploring the Early Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Construction Industry in New York State
Esther Ilatova, Yewande S. Abraham, Bilge Gokhan Celik
Architecture. 2022; 2(3): 457
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
38 Fair Play in a Context of Physical Education and Sports Behaviours
Mateusz Ludwiczak, Malgorzata Bronikowska
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(4): 2452
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
39 Determinants of Burnout among Teachers: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Studies
Dragan Mijakoski, Dumitru Cheptea, Sandy Carla Marca, Yara Shoman, Cigdem Caglayan, Merete Drevvatne Bugge, Marco Gnesi, Lode Godderis, Sibel Kiran, Damien M. McElvenny, Zakia Mediouni, Olivia Mesot, Jordan Minov, Evangelia Nena, Marina Otelea, Nurka Pranjic, Ingrid Sivesind Mehlum, Henk F. van der Molen, Irina Guseva Canu
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9): 5776
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
40 Health Literacy Level and Comprehension of Prescription and Nonprescription Drug Information
Meehoh Kim, David Suh, Joseph A. Barone, Sun-Young Jung, Wenchen Wu, Dong-Churl Suh
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(11): 6665
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
41 Perceived Gap of Age-Friendliness among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Findings from Malaysia, a Middle-Income Country
Chee-Tao Chang, Xin-Jie Lim, Premaa Supramaniam, Chii-Chii Chew, Lay-Ming Ding, Philip Rajan
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(12): 7171
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
42 Socio-Ecological Factors and Well-Being among Self-Employed in Europe during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Josefine Hansson, Mikael Nordenmark, Åsa Tjulin, Bodil J. Landstad, Stig Vinberg
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13): 7840
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
43 Recreation and Alcohol Consumption in Sub-Saharan Africa: Addressing Gender and Age Differences in Urban Areas—Praia, Cabo Verde
Daniela Alves, António Pedro Delgado, Miguel Amado, Isabel Craveiro, Zélia Santos, Alexander Goggins, Carolina Gasparinho, Artur Correia, Luzia Gonçalves
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(18): 11175
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
44 Knowledge, Practice, Compliance, and Barriers toward Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia among Critical Care Nurses in Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Systematic Review
Khaild AL-Mugheed, Wegdan Bani-Issa, Mohammad Rababa, Audai A. Hayajneh, Adi Al Syouf, Mohammad Al-Bsheish, Mu’taman Jarrar
Healthcare. 2022; 10(10): 1852
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
45 Physical need assessment of recovery among patients with burn injuries: nursing implications
FatmaS Fahmy, SalwaH Abdelaziz, EhsanA Yahia
Egyptian Nursing Journal. 2022; 19(2): 130
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
46 In pursuit of preventive audiology in South Africa: Scoping the context for ototoxicity assessment and management
Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Nothando Masondo
Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences. 2021; 13(1): 46
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
47 Studies and research design in medicine
N. M. Bulanov, O. B. Blyuss, D. B. Munblit, N. A. Nekliudov, D. V. Butnaru, K. B. Kodzoeva, M. Yu. Nadinskaya, A. A. Zaikin
Sechenov Medical Journal. 2021; 12(1): 4
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
48 Cross-section studies: Advantages and disadvantages
Sandra Grujicic, Aleksandra Nikolic
Zdravstvena zastita. 2021; 50(4): 43
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
49 Readiness of Medical Teams Caring for COVID-19 in the Intensive Care Units: A National Web-Based Survey in Indonesia
Mochamat Helmi, Djayanti Sari, Andreasta Meliala, Laksono Trisnantoro
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2021; 9(B): 1785
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
50 Importance of Geospatial Heterogeneity in Chronic Disease Burden for Policy Planning in an Urban Setting Using a Case Study of Singapore
Ken Wei Tan, Joel R. Koo, Jue Tao Lim, Alex R. Cook, Borame L. Dickens
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9): 4406
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
51 Comparison of Physical Activity Levels in Youths before and during a Pandemic Lockdown
Malgorzata Bronikowska, Jana Krzysztoszek, Marlena Lopatka, Mateusz Ludwiczak, Beata Pluta
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10): 5139
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
52 Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) toward the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in a Saudi Population-Based Survey
Abdulrahman H. Alqahtani, Saleh A. Alqahtani, Abdullah S. Alhodaib, Ahmed M. Al-Wathinani, Amin Daoulah, Sameer Alhamid, Salah N. Al-Otaibi, Mohammed Abufayyah, Ahmad M. Wazzan, Saif S. Alshahrani, Yahya S. Almaleh, Abdulmajeed M. Mobrad
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10): 5286
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
53 Predictors of Occupational Burnout: A Systematic Review
Yara Shoman, Emna El May, Sandy Marca, Pascal Wild, Renzo Bianchi, Merete Bugge, Cigdem Caglayan, Dimitru Cheptea, Marco Gnesi, Lode Godderis, Sibel Kiran, Damien McElvenny, Zakia Mediouni, Ingrid Mehlum, Dragan Mijakoski, Jordan Minov, Henk van der Molen, Evangelia Nena, Marina Otelea, Irina Guseva Canu
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17): 9188
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
54 Community Pharmacists’ Perceptions, Barriers, and Willingness for Offering Sexual and Reproductive Health Services
Ali Mofleh Alshahrani, Mona Y. Alsheikh
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20): 10735
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
55 Cross-Sectional Study on the Prevalence and Factors Influencing Occurrence of Tick-Borne Encephalitis in Horses in Lithuania
Arnoldas Pautienius, Austeja Armonaite, Evelina Simkute, Ruta Zagrabskaite, Jurate Buitkuviene, Russell Alpizar-Jara, Juozas Grigas, Indre Zakiene, Dainius Zienius, Algirdas Salomskas, Arunas Stankevicius
Pathogens. 2021; 10(2): 140
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
56 Factors Associated with the Timing and Number of Antenatal Care Visits among Unmarried Compared to Married Youth in Uganda between 2006 and 2016
Peninah Agaba, Monica Magadi, Franklin Onukwugha, Cyprian Misinde
Social Sciences. 2021; 10(12): 474
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
57 Unemployment in Socially Disadvantaged Communities in Tennessee, US, During the COVID-19
Anzhelika Antipova, Ehsan Momeni
Frontiers in Sustainable Cities. 2021; 3
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
58 Pengaruh Return on Asset, Net Profit Margin dan Current Ratio Terhadap Harga Saham Food and Beverage di Bursa Efek Indonesia
Januardin Manullang, Nanda Pratiwi, Refiensa Yohana Sihombing, Rifka Aulia Harahap, Kevin Christian Tampubolon
Owner. 2021; 5(1): 119
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
59 COVID-19 Impacts on Beaches and Coastal Water Pollution at Selected Sites in Ecuador, and Management Proposals Post-pandemic
Franklin I. Ormaza-Gonzaìlez, Divar Castro-Rodas, Peter J. Statham
Frontiers in Marine Science. 2021; 8
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
60 Sleep Duration and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Jianian Hua, Hezi Jiang, Hui Wang, Qi Fang
Frontiers in Neurology. 2021; 12
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
61 Consumers' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Toward Medicine Price Transparency at Private Healthcare Setting in Malaysia
Nur Sufiza Ahmad, Ernieda Hatah, Mohamad Ridha Jalil, Mohd Makmor-Bakry
Frontiers in Public Health. 2021; 9
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
62 Evaluation of the Undergraduate Pharmacy Student Research Projects in Ambo University, Ethiopia: Retrospective Review
Esayas Tadesse Gebremariam, Diriba Alemayehu Gadisa
Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2021; Volume 12: 205
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
63 Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Antimicrobial Uses and Resistance Among Public University Students in Bangladesh
Mahfuza Marzan, Dewan Zubaer Islam, Halyna Lugova, Ambigga Krishnapillai, Mainul Haque, Salequl Islam
Infection and Drug Resistance. 2021; Volume 14: 519
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
64 The Impact of the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients’ Perceptions of Chronic Pain
Maria Eleni Smyrnioti, Georgios Lyrakos, Maria Meindani, Paraskevi Matsota, Georgia Kostopanagiotou, Chrysanthi Batistaki
Journal of Pain Research. 2021; Volume 14: 2571
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
65 Prevalence and predictors of work-related depression, anxiety, and stress among waiters: A cross-sectional study in upscale restaurants
Farrukh Ishaque Saah, Hubert Amu, Kwaku Kissah-Korsah, Vincenzo De Luca
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(4): e0249597
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
66 Knowledge of Five Different Types of Indonesian Health Workers Regarding Oral Health Services for Pregnant Women
Anne A. Suwargiani, Erry M. Arief, Dudi Aripin, Sunardhi Widyaputra, Sri Susilawati
The Open Dentistry Journal. 2021; 15(1): 250
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
67 Exploring the determinants and outcomes of intimate partner violence during pregnancy for Guyanese women: Results from a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey
Lior Miller, Manuel Contreras-Urbina
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública. 2021; 45: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
68 Impact of nurses' emotional intelligence on the implementation of a professional practice model in cancer care
Majeda A Al-Ruzzieh, Omar Ayaad
British Journal of Nursing. 2021; 30(19): 1110
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
69 Caregiver Characteristics Associated With Cognitive Complaints in Women With Breast Cancer
Yesol Yang, Victoria Poillucci, Deborah Allen, Wei Pan, Eleanor McConnell, Cristina Hendrix
Oncology Nursing Forum. 2021; 48(4): 453
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
70 Factors associated with the use of fashion braces of the Saudi Arabian Youth: application of the Health Belief Model
Anwar S. Alhazmi, Dania E. Al Agili, Mohammed S. Aldossary, Shaker M. Hakami, Bashaer Y. Almalki, Amal S. Alkhaldi, Mosa A. Shubayr
BMC Oral Health. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
71 Determinants of caries experience and the impact on the OHRQOL of 6-year-old Libyan children: a cross-sectional survey
Lamis Ballo, Arheiam Arheiam, Jamaludin Marhazlinda
BMC Oral Health. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
72 National, regional, and global prevalence of cigarette smoking among women/females in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Alireza Jafari, Abdolhalim Rajabi, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Nooshin Peyman, Mehrsadat Mahdizadeh, Hadi Tehrani
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. 2021; 26(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
73 Risk factors associated with albuminuria in Rwanda: results from a STEPS survey
Candide Tran Ngoc, Prebo Barango, Roger Harrison, Andrew Jones, Steven Velabo Shongwe, Albert Tuyishime, François Uwinkindi, Hongyi Xu, Stephanie Shoop-Worrall
BMC Nephrology. 2021; 22(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
74 Attitudes and Views Concerning Human Milk Banking Among Mothers Residing in a Rural Region of Bangladesh
Yasmin Jahan, Sohel Rahman, Tasdidaa Shamsi, Atiqur sm-Rahman
Journal of Human Lactation. 2021; : 0890334421
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
75 “One Size Fits All”: A Fallacy in Measuring Staff Job Satisfaction—Monetary Recompenses Examined in the Ugandan-Based Chartered Private Universities
Fred Ssemugenyi, Ehsan Namaziandost
Education Research International. 2021; 2021: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
76 Male Prisoners’ Perspectives of Access to Quality Health Care at a Prison Infirmary in Ghana
Augustine Adomah-Afari, Samuel Kojo Ntow, Kwasi Awuah-Werekoh, Terrylyn Baffoe-Bonnie
The Prison Journal. 2021; 101(6): 699
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
77 Social Support and Quality of Life Among People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Ghana
Charles MS. Birore, Liyun Wu, Tina Abrefa-Gyan, Marilyn W. Lewis
Journal of Family Issues. 2021; : 0192513X21
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
78 Psychosocial determinants of quit motivation in older smokers from deprived backgrounds: a cross-sectional survey
Pamela Smith, Rhian Daniel, Rachael L Murray, Graham Moore, Annmarie Nelson, Kate Brain
BMJ Open. 2021; 11(5): e044815
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
79 Professional governance in Finnish nursing – measured by the Index of Professional Nursing Governance
Taina Kanninen, Arja Häggman-Laitila, Tarja Tervo-Heikkinen, Robert G. Hess, Tarja Kvist
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
80 A reprise of TQM practices among construction enterprises in Nigeria
Oluwayomi Kayode Babatunde
The TQM Journal. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
81 Mapping the implications and competencies for Industry 4.0 to hard and soft total quality management
Oluwayomi Kayode Babatunde
The TQM Journal. 2021; 33(4): 896
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
82 Occupational therapy in oncology palliative care for adolescents and young adults: Perspectives of Australian occupational therapists
Amy Wallis, Pamela Meredith, Mandy Stanley
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
83 Awareness of traditional knowledge and attitudes towards wildlife conservation among Maasai communities: The case of Enkusero Sampu Conservancy, Kajiado County in Kenya
Christine Nyangweso Ochieng, Thuita Thenya, Parita Shah, George Odwe
African Journal of Ecology. 2021; 59(3): 712
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
84 The impact of on-demand metacognitive help on effortful behaviour: A longitudinal study using task-related visual analytics
Zacharoula Papamitsiou, Anastasios A. Economides
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 2021; 37(1): 109
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
85 Exploring mediating effects between nursing leadership and patient safety from a person-centred perspective: A literature review
Meini Wang, Jan Dewing
Journal of Nursing Management. 2021; 29(5): 878
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
86 Nurses' perception of teamwork and its relationship with the occurrence and reporting of adverse events: A questionnaire survey in teaching hospitals
Edris Kakemam, Alireza Hajizadeh, Mina Azarmi, Hamideh Zahedi, Masoumeh Gholizadeh, Young Sook Roh
Journal of Nursing Management. 2021; 29(5): 1189
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
87 An analysis of groupthink and decision making in a collectivism culture: the case of a public organization in Tanzania
Crecencia Godfrey Tarmo, Faisal H. Issa
International Journal of Public Leadership. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
88 Procurement professionals' perceptions of skills and attributes of procurement negotiators: a cross-sectional survey in Tanzania
Leonada Raphael Mwagike, Ismail Abdi Changalima
International Journal of Public Sector Management. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
89 Marriage and business performance: the case of women-owned micro and small businesses in Tanzania
Hawa Petro Tundui, Charles Stephen Tundui
Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies. 2021; 13(5): 1287
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
90 Factors influencing community participation in the implementation and monitoring of FLEGT-VPA in Ghana
Mercy Afua Adutwumwaa Derkyi, Yaw Appau, Kwadwo Boakye Boadu
Forestry Economics Review. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
91 Towards sustainable cities: the role of residential satisfaction in facing COVID-19 in Makkah City in Saudi Arabia
Badr Alsolami
foresight. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
92 Job characteristics theory and mentoring: the influence of cognitive tasks and educational leadership on mentoring provided
Torbjørn Waaland
International Journal of Mentoring and Coaching in Education. 2021; 10(1): 46
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
93 Climate change-mediated heat stress vulnerability and adaptation strategies among outdoor workers
Stephen T. Odonkor, Samuel Adams
Climate and Development. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
94 A policy feedback and socio-technical approach to e-participation (PFSTEP): A cross-national analysis of technology and institutions to explain e-participation
Pragati Rawat
Journal of Information Technology & Politics. 2021; 18(2): 214
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
95 Global Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Meta-analysis
Ninik Yunitri, Hsin Chu, Xiao Linda Kang, Hsiu-Ju Jen, Li-Chung Pien, Hsiu-Ting Tsai, Abdu Rahim Kamil, Kuei-Ru Chou
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2021; : 104136
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
96 Examining the Convergent Validity of the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills – Fourth Edition (TVPS-4) in the Australian Context
Siena Colosimo, Ted Brown
Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
97 Excessive daytime somnolence in a sample of Ecuadorian undergraduate medical students and its relationship with academic performance.
Montserrat Rodriguez, Nathalia Ascuntar, Paloma González, Martha Fors, Sefa Bulut
Cogent Education. 2021; 8(1): 1870800
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
98 Quality of life of persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a community survey
Haleluya Moshi, Gunnevi Sundelin, Klas-Göran Sahlen, Ann Sörlin
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2021; 43(20): 2838
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
99 Prevalence of extended high-frequency hearing loss among adolescents from two rural areas in Colombia
Daniel Peñaranda, Lucía C. Pérez-Herrera, Diana Hernández, Sergio Moreno-López, Ilene Perea, Mario Jacome, Nancy Suetta-Lugo, Juan Manuel García, Augusto Peñaranda
International Journal of Audiology. 2021; 60(5): 365
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
100 Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption among Indian Female Adolescents
Shahnawaz Ahmad
Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
101 Evaluation of a front-of-pack food labeling intervention on a college campus
Lauren Magdaleno, Tyler Rolling, Stephanie Waits Galia, Guadalupe X. Ayala
Journal of American College Health. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
102 Student-generated PowerPoint animations: a study of student teachers’ conceptions of molecular motions through their expressed models
Guspatni Guspatni
Chemistry Education Research and Practice. 2021; 22(2): 312
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
103 eHealth Literacy of Medical and Health Science Students and Factors Affecting eHealth Literacy in an Ethiopian University: A Cross-Sectional Study
Nebyu Demeke Mengestie, Tesfahun Melese Yilma, Miftah Abdella Beshir, Genet Kiflemariam Paulos
Applied Clinical Informatics. 2021; 12(02): 301
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
104 Is there a relationship between nursing students’ smartphone use, their fear of missing out and their care-related behaviour?
Aslihan Çatiker, Gizem Deniz Bulucu Büyüksoy, Kamuran Özdi?l
Nurse Education in Practice. 2021; 54: 103111
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
105 Health-related quality of life of nurses caring for hospitalised children and their families: A national cross-sectional study
Patrick G.M.C. Phiri, Shallom S. Malunga, Lophina Sitima Phiri
Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2021; 61: 157
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
106 Differences and Reliability of Linear and Nonlinear Acoustic Measures as a Function of Vocal Intensity in Individuals With Voice Disorders
Vanessa de Oliveira Florencio, Anna Alice Almeida, Patrícia Balata, Silvana Nascimento, Meike Brockmann-Bauser, Leonardo Wanderley Lopes
Journal of Voice. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
107 Emotional burden and care of adults with type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazilian regions
Mônica S.V.M. Silveira, Elizabeth João Pavin, Edimariz Buin Cardoso, Paulo Fanti, Samereh Abdoli
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications. 2021; 35(12): 108053
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
108 How can socio-psychological factors be related to water-efficiency intention and behaviors among Iranian residential water consumers?
Seyyed Ahmadreza Shahangian, Massoud Tabesh, Masoud Yazdanpanah
Journal of Environmental Management. 2021; 288: 112466
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
109 Fear of Falling, Community Participation, and Quality of Life Among Community-Dwelling People Who Use Wheelchairs Full Time
JongHun Sung, Sa Shen, Elizabeth W. Peterson, Jacob J. Sosnoff, Deborah Backus, Laura A. Rice
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2021; 102(6): 1140
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
110 Hot and cool response inhibition abilities develop linearly from late childhood to young adulthood
Emilie Salvia, Ania Aïte, Julie Vidal, Grégoire Borst
Cognitive Development. 2021; 58: 101039
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
111 Medical Students’ Quality of Life and Its Association with Harassment and Social Support
Marcus A. Henning, Josephine Stonyer, Yan Chen, Benjamin Alsop-ten Hove, Fiona Moir, Ties Coomber, Craig S. Webster
Medical Science Educator. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
112 Household Happiness and Fuel Poverty: a Cross-Sectional Analysis on Turkey
Meltem Ucal, Simge Günay
Applied Research in Quality of Life. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
113 Acceptability of the Direct Health Facility Financing (DHFF) initiative in Tanzania: A mixed methods process evaluation of the moderating factors
Albino Kalolo, Ntuli A. Kapologwe, Hendry Samky, Stephen M. Kibusi
The International Journal of Health Planning and Management. 2021;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
114 Transdiagnostic vulnerability factors in eating disorders: A network analysis
Myriam Vervaet, Louise Puttevils, Ria H. A. Hoekstra, Eiko Fried, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt
European Eating Disorders Review. 2021; 29(1): 86
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
115 Predictors of Seat-Belt Use among Bus Passengers in Ghana: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Health Belief Model
Paul Okyere, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Muriel Jean Harris, Charles Mock, Peter Donkor, Isaac Kofi Yankson, Ellis Owusu-Dabo
Journal of Community Health. 2021; 46(5): 992
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
116 Trends in health-related quality of life of female breast cancer survivors using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), 2008–2016
Inimfon Jackson, Paul Rowan, Nikhil Padhye, Lu-Yu Hwang, Sally W. Vernon
Quality of Life Research. 2021; 30(12): 3547
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
117 How actors, processes, context and evidence influenced the development of Malawi's Health Sector Strategic Plan II
Caitlin M. Walsh, Takondwa Mwase, Manuela De Allegri
The International Journal of Health Planning and Management. 2020; 35(6): 1571
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
118 Prevalence and predictors of psychological distress in congenital heart disease patients
Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Angela Girolimetti, Sara Jiménez-Rodríguez, Carla Fraguela-Medina, Fayna Rodríguez-González, Antonio Tugores
Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2020; 76(9): 1705
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
119 Sensor-measured physical activity is associated with decreased cardiovascular disease risk in African Americans
John A. Bernhart, Gabrielle M. Turner-McGrievy, Sarah Eustis, Mary J. Wilson, Brent Hutto, Sara Wilcox, Edward A. Frongillo, E. Angela Murphy
Lifestyle Medicine. 2020; 1(2)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
120 “How do Pilates Trained Physiotherapists utilize and value Pilates Exercise for MSK conditions? A Qualitative Study”
Peter Cuddy, Lynne Gaskell
Musculoskeletal Care. 2020; 18(3): 315
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
121 Impact of unoperated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in adulthood: a 10-year analysis
Jace Erwin, Brandon B. Carlson, Joshua Bunch, R. Sean Jackson, Douglas Burton
Spine Deformity. 2020; 8(5): 1009
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
122 Transportation noise exposure and anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Yuliang Lan, Hannah Roberts, Mei-Po Kwan, Marco Helbich
Environmental Research. 2020; 191: 110118
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
123 Elementary students’ perceptions of 3Dmetric: A cross-sectional study
Mohammad Faizal Amir, Niko Fediyanto, Hendra Erik Rudyanto, Dian Septi Nur Afifah, Hasan Said Tortop
Heliyon. 2020; 6(6): e04052
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
124 The role of nomophobia and smartphone addiction in the lifestyle profiles of junior and senior high school students in the Philippines
Danilo B. Buctot, Nami Kim, Sun Hee Kim
Social Sciences & Humanities Open. 2020; 2(1): 100035
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
125 The Arabic Fonseca Anamnestic Index: Psychometric properties and use for screening temporomandibular disorders in prospective orthodontic patients
Akram S Alyessary, Adrian Ujin Yap, Ali Almousawi
CRANIO®. 2020; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
126 Information Resources Valued by Medical Students in a Clinical Reasoning Course: A Cross-Sectional Study
Jonathan D. Eldredge, Laura J. Hall, Sumit J. Patel
Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries. 2020; 17(3-4): 67
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
127 Attenuation of Deviant Sexual Fantasy across the Lifespan in United States Adult Males
Tiffany A. Harvey, Elizabeth L. Jeglic
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. 2020; 27(2): 246
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
128 Multiomics Analysis Coupled with Text Mining Identify Novel Biomarker Candidates for Recurrent Cardiovascular Events
Constantina Chalikiopoulou, Barbara Jenko Bizjan, George Leventopoulos, Kalliopi Smaili, Tanja Blagus, Ariadni Menti, John Liopetas, Anne John, Bassam R. Ali, Vita Dolzan, George N. Hahalis, George P. Patrinos, Theodora Katsila
OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology. 2020; 24(4): 205
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
129 The priority health issues and key health determinants of detained Filipino children
Rosie Blount
International Journal of Prisoner Health. 2020; 16(3): 281
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
130 Intention towards social entrepreneurship of university students in an emerging economy: the influence of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurship education
H.M. Kamrul Hassan
On the Horizon . 2020; 28(3): 133
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
131 Machine Learning-Based Application for Predicting Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in Saudi Arabia: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study
Asif Hassan Syed, Tabrej Khan
IEEE Access. 2020; 8: 199539
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
132 Possible Future Career Challenges and Associated Factors among Dental Students and Interns
Sarah Fita, Faris Alshuraim, Abdullah Almulhim, Jehan AlHumaid, Muhanad Alhareky, Muhammad Nazir
International Journal of Dentistry. 2020; 2020: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
133 Falls in people living with HIV: a scoping review
Maria Yvonne Charumbira, Karina Berner, Quinette Abegail Louw
BMJ Open. 2020; 10(11): e034872
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
134 Trends in and predictors of pregnancy termination among 15–24?year-old women in Nigeria: a multi-level analysis of demographic and health surveys 2003–2018
Franklin I. Onukwugha, Monica A. Magadi, Ahmed M. Sarki, Lesley Smith
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2020; 20(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
135 Risk and Protective Factors for Men’s Sexual Violence Against Women at Higher Education Institutions: A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review of the Longitudinal Evidence
Bridget Steele, Mackenzie Martin, Alexa Yakubovich, David K. Humphreys, Elizabeth Nye
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. 2020; : 1524838020
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
136 Indian Clinical Trials on COVID-19: A Review of Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI)
N Vasantha Raju, N.S. Harinarayana
SSRN Electronic Journal. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
137 Built environment correlates of physical activity in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review
Sarah Elshahat, Michael O’Rorke, Deepti Adlakha, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(3): e0230454
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
138 Colorectal stenting in England: a cross-sectional study of practice
J Lam, V Chauhan, I Lam, L Kannappa, Y Salama
The Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England. 2020; 102(6): 451
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
139 Depression Severity and Depression Stigma Among Students
Arif Musa, Jahanzeb Ashraf, Feng-Jen Tsai, Samir Abolmagd, Ciny Liu, Hajra Hussain, Eva Voslarova, Mohamed A. Khalil, Kate B. Wolitzky-Taylor, Danny Lee, Jeffrey Sugar, Kasim Pendi, Joshua Lee, Reham Abdelmaksoud, Noha Adel, David Baron
Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 2020; 208(11): 884
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
140 Association Between Sarcopenic Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Dima Khadra, Leila Itani, Yomna Chebaro, May Obeid, Miryam Jaber, Reham Ghanem, Agnes Ayton, Dima Kreidieh, Dana E. Masri, Akira Kimura, Hana Tannir, Marwan El Ghoch
Current Cardiology Reviews. 2020; 16(2): 153
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
141 Identifying the Structural Adaptations that Drive the Mechanical Load-Induced Growth of Skeletal Muscle: A Scoping Review
Kent W. Jorgenson, Stuart M. Phillips, Troy A. Hornberger
Cells. 2020; 9(7): 1658
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
142 Association between Body Fat Percentage and Physical Performance in Male Korean Police Officers
Jooyoung Kim, Wi-Young So, Sangwoon Kim
Sustainability. 2020; 12(9): 3868
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
143 What Are the Current Audiological Practices for Ototoxicity Assessment and Management in the South African Healthcare Context?
Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Nothando Masondo
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7): 2613
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
144 Emotional-Behavioral Regulation, Temperament and Parent–Child Interactions Are Associated with Dopamine Transporter Allelic Polymorphism in Early Childhood: A Pilot Study
Silvia Cimino, Eleonora Marzilli, Mimma Tafà, Luca Cerniglia
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22): 8564
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
145 Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a potential risk factor of non-specific ST-T segment changes: data from a cross-sectional study
Li Xiao, Tao Bai, Junchao Zeng, Rui Yang, Ling Yang
PeerJ. 2020; 8: e9090
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
146 Mercury Exposure Among Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Miners in Four Regions in Uganda
Mercy Wendy Wanyana, Friday E. Agaba, Deogratias K. Sekimpi, Victoria N. Mukasa, Geoffrey N. Kamese, Nkonge Douglas, John C. Ssempebwa
Journal of Health and Pollution. 2020; 10(26): 200613
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
147 Factors Impacting Use of Health IT Applications
Sadaf Ashtari, Al Bellamy
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics. 2019; 14(4): 33
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
148 Social Support, Loneliness, Depressive Symptoms, and High-Risk Sexual Behaviors of Middle-Aged Hispanic Men Who Have Sex With Men
Beatriz Valdes, Karina Gattamorta, Sande Gracia Jones, Eric A. Fenkl, Joseph P. De Santis
Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 2019; 30(1): 98
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
149 Health care system changes supporting the development of the nurse practitioner role in Tanzania
Joanes Faustine Mboineki, Changying Chen
Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. 2019; 31(9): 488
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
150 Commentary: What Is A Case Control Study?
Mohamed Macki, Ellen L Air
Neurosurgery. 2019; 85(2): E390
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
151 The quality of mathematical self-regulated learning of students and teachers in Indonesia
M Aminah, M Maulana, K Kuswara
Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2019; 1318(1): 012111
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
152 Chronic pain health literacy: A scoping review of existing instruments
Petra Mandysová, Iryna Matejková, Josef Fusek
Kontakt. 2018; 20(4): e340
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
153 Antimicrobial prescribing and infections in long-term care facilities (LTCF): a multilevel analysis of the HALT 2016 study, Ireland, 2017
M Tandan, K Burns, H Murphy, S Hennessy, M Cormican, A Vellinga
Eurosurveillance. 2018; 23(46)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]


Print this article  Email this article
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Article in PDF (351 KB)
    Citation Manager
    Access Statistics
    Reader Comments
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

    Examples of Cros...
    Measurements in ...
    Strengths of a C...
    Limitations of a...
   Additional Points
    Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded1148    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 153    

Recommend this journal