Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 68-69

Foot eczema: The role of patch test in determining the causative agent using standard series

Fr. Muller Medical College Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore - 575 002, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Jacintha Martis
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Fr. Muller Medical College and Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore - 575 002, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.41649

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Foot dermatitis refers to the predominant involvement of feet in the eczematous process. This study is undertaken to determine the clinical pattern and causative agent in foot eczema and to evaluate the role of patch testing in determining the causative agent of foot eczema. Data was collected from 50 patients with foot eczema, who attended the out-patient department. The patch test was performed using Indian standard series. Patch test was positive in 88% of the patients. The most common site affected was the dorsal aspect of the foot (48%) and scaly plaque was the predominant morphological pattern. The highest number of patients (24%) showed positive reactions to mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) and the lowest (4%) to neomycin sulfate. Rubber and rubber chemicals have been reported worldwide to be the most common sensitizer causing foot eczema. Thus, patch test has a major role in finding out the cause of foot eczema.

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