Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-67

Effect of Environment On Pediatric Dermatoses

Correspondence Address:
Mou Mitra

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The environment has profound effect on the prevalence of dermatoses. The exposure to environment varies among different age groups particularly so among the pediatric age group. In the pre sent study we assessed the prevalence of dermatoses among the pediatric population and an analysis was done with age as surrogate for environmental exposure. Two hundred pediatric patients up to the age of 12 years were selected randomly from the dermatology OPD of a teaching hospital and the dermatosis was elicited. The subjects were classified into 3 categories: up to 1 year, 1 to 5 years and 6 to 12 years. Analysis of any difference in the prevalence of dermatoses among these three groups showed that, pyoderma was that most common dermatosis in the whole pediatric population and it increased significantly with increasing age (p<0.001). Pediculosis though absent during the first year of life, showed a similar tread (p<0.01) and was more frequent among females (p<0.01). However, seborrheic dermatitis, miliaria and candidiasis were more frequent in the lower age group (p<0.001). The results suggest a significant effect of environment on the prevalence of different dermatoses using age as a surrogate for environmental exposure.

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