Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 1993  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-7

Mycotic infections in children in Saudi Arabia

Laboratories of Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, King Fahad Hofuf Hospital, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
PV Venugopal
Laboratories of Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, King Fahad Hofuf Hospital, Hofuf
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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ABSTRACT: Five hundred and forth six clinically diagnosed cases of mycotic infections in children were investigated. Direct microscopic examination revealed the presence of fungi in 335 cases and the causal agent was isolated in 329 cases. Tinea capitis accounted for 70.4 percent of the infection followed by tinea versicolor (10.1 percent), diaper dermatitis (6 percent), tinea corporis (5.1 percent) otomycosis (3.9 percent), onychomycosis (3.3 percent), and tinea cruris (1.2 percent). Microsporum canis was the commonest etiological agent responsible for 62.3 percent of paediatric mycotic infections. Malassezia furfur and Trichophyton violaceum were the next commoner agents (10.3 percent and 10 percent) followed by Candida albicans (5.6 percent), Candida spp. (4 percent), M. audouinii and Aspergillus niger 1.8 percent each, A. flavus 1.5 percent, T. simii 0.9 percent, T. rubrum 0.6 percent and lastly T. verrucosum, T. mentagrophytes, Epidermophyton floccosum and Cladosporium spp. were isolated from one case each.

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