Indian Journal of Dermatology
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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2009| January-March  | Volume 54 | Issue 1  
    Online since March 26, 2009

 
 
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EPIDEMIOLOGY
Epidemic of hand, foot and mouth disease in West Bengal, India in August, 2007: A multicentric study
Nilendu Sarma, Abhijit Sarkar, Amlan Mukherjee, Apurba Ghosh, Sandipan Dhar, Rajib Malakar
January-March 2009, 54(1):26-30
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48982  PMID:20049265
Background: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused mostly by Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) and enterovirus 71 (EV71). Epidemic of HFMD has occurred in India only once in Kerala in 2003. We report here a recent outbreak of HFMD in three districts of West Bengal, India. Materials and Methods: A case detection system developed with 1) three private clinics in three districts; two at Howrah and one at Hooghly, 2) Pediatrics Department of two medical colleges in Kolkata, 3) 12 practioners of these three districts with 4) a central referral center at Department of Dermatology, NRS Medical College, Kolkata where all cases from this system were confirmed by a single observer. Pediatric Dermatology unit of the Institute of Child Health, Kolkata was another independent unit. Results: A total of 38 cases of HFMD were reported till 08.10.07. Age group ranged from 12 months to 12 years (mean 40.76 months, SD 29.49). Males were slightly higher than females (M:F - 21:17). Disease was distributed mostly over buttocks, knees, hands, feet - both dorsum and palmar or the plantar surface and the oral mucosa. Highest severity noted over the buttocks and the knee. Healing time for skin lesions was 6-13 days (mean 9.13 days, SD 1.93). Oral lesions were found in 33 (86.8%) cases. Conclusion: This outbreak far away from the initial one confirmed regular outsourcing of the virus with possibilities of future epidemics. Also the fact that EV71 induced epidemic is on rise in this part of globe is alarming for India. We hope this early report will be of help for strategic planning for a better management of the disease and prevention of dreaded neurological complications in India.
  23 9,355 409
BASIC RESEARCH
Oxidant/antioxidant status in obese adolescent females with acne vulgaris
Khalid O Abulnaja
January-March 2009, 54(1):36-40
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48984  PMID:20049267
Background and Objectives: Acne vulgaris is a distressing skin condition, which can carry with it significant psychological disability. Oxidant/antioxidant imbalance leads to increased production of free radicals, that cause many diseases. Some nutrients, along with systemic oxidative stress, have been implicated in acne vulgaris. The goal of the present study was to assess oxidant and antioxidant status in correlation with the incidence of acne vulgaris in adolescent obese females. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 adolescent females (age 16-22 years) were divided into four groups (15 each) as follows: The first included obese females with acne; the second included obese females without acne; the third included non obese with acne and the fourth included non obese without acne. Fasting serum Malondialdehyde (MDA), β-carotene, and Vitamins A, E, and C were measured. In addition, platelet monoamineoxidase (MAO), and erythrocyte catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT) activities were determined. Results: It was found that serum MDA was statistically significantly decreased in obese and non obese subjects with acne, as compared to those without acne ( P <0.05, P <0.001) respectively. In contrast, the levels of β-carotene, vitamins A, E and C and the activity of MAO were significantly decreased in the obese and non obese with acne, as against the obese and non obese without acne. Interpretation: In obese subjects, increased fat content facilitates free radical production and lipid peroxidation, as indicated by increased MDA level, which is scavenged by the antioxidant vitamins. The decreased activity of MAO may be inhibited by free radicals and this causes psychological depression in adolescents. However there were non significant changes in the activity of COMT among the studied groups. Conclusion: The nutritional factors and a weakened antioxidant defense system may interplay, to increase the risk of psychological sequelae in acne vulgaris.
  12 5,111 359
CME ARTICLE
Current concepts in the pathogenesis of psoriasis
Rajeev Patrick Das, Arun Kumar Jain, V Ramesh
January-March 2009, 54(1):7-12
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48977  PMID:20049260
Psoriasis is a multi-factorial skin disease with a complex pathogenesis. Various factors which have been suggested to play a key role in the pathogenesis are T cells, antigen presenting cells (APC's), keratinocytes, Langerhans' cells, macrophages, natural killer cells, an array of Th1 type cytokines, certain growth factors like vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), and others. It has been hypothesized that the disease starts with the activation of T cell by an unknown antigen, which leads to secretion of an array of cytokines by activated T cells, inflammatory cells, and keratinocytes. The characteristic lesion of psoriasis is due to the hyper-proliferation of the keratinocyte. Activated Langerhans' cells migrate from skin to lymph nodes presenting the antigen to nodal naοve T cells (cells that have not been activated by antigen previously). The T cells activated by non-antigen-dependent mechanism may, however, become antigen-specific memory cells that react with a cross-reactive auto-antigen such as keratin (molecular mimicry). The genetic background of the disease may be suggested from the fact that concordance rate is 63-73% in monozygotic twins, as compared to 17-20% in dizygotic twins. Several disease susceptibility loci have been suggested as predisposing factors, PSORS1-PSORS9.
  12 11,213 1,303
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Study of total antioxidant status and glutathione peroxidase activity in Tunisian vitiligo patients
Akrem Jalel, Mohamed Hédi Hamdaoui
January-March 2009, 54(1):13-16
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48978  PMID:20049261
Background: Vitiligo affects one to two percent of the word population. Its pathogenesis has not been clarified yet. Multiple mechanisms such as autoimmune, neuronal, endocrine and oxidative stress resulting from unbalanced antioxidant defense system have been proposed. Aims: Our purpose was to study the total antioxidant status and glutathione peroxidase activity in Tunisian vitiligo patients with or without diabetes or dysthyroidism. Materials and Methods: We studied 60 vitiligo patients and 62 healthy controls. The sex ratio male/female in vitiligo patients was (27/33 = 0.81). Patients with vitiligo were divided into three groups, according to the association with diabetes or dysthyroidism. The total antioxidant status (TAS), glutathione peroxidase activity (GPX activity) was evaluated by adaptable methods using Kits. Results and Conclusion: The generalized vitiligo was the most frequent type (35 patients versus 25 of focal ones). All patients having vitiligo showed low levels of TAS: 0.85 ± 0.7 and low GPX activity: 45 ± 0.6, as compared to the control group: 1.40 ± 0.12 mmol/L; 49 ± 1.8 U/L, (p < 0.01), for TAS and GPX, respectively. The association of low TAS and GPX activities was more pronounced in diabetic vitiligo patients than in dysthyroid vitiligo patients. This study demonstrated that antioxidant processes depletion (low TAS and low GPX activity) is clearly involved with vitiligo in Tunisian patients, regardless of the association of the disease with diabetes or dysthyroidism.
  12 6,745 405
CASE REPORTS
Multiple smooth muscle hamartoma: Case report and review of the literature
Ghaninezhadh Haydeh, Asgary Massoud, Noormohammadpour Pedram
January-March 2009, 54(1):68-71
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48993  PMID:20049276
Smooth muscle hamartoma (SMH) is a proliferative disorder of cells originating from muscle cells. It is a benign tumoral mass that usually presents as a single congenital skin-colored and hypertrichotic plaque involving the trunk and extremities. Multiple SMHs have rarely been reported in the literature. We describe the case of a seven-month-old girl with multiple SMHs located over the back and arm areas. The diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. She had no cerebral or skeletal abnormalities and her growth and development were normal.
  10 4,657 178
DERMATOSURGERY ROUND
A study comparing chemical peeling using modified jessner's solution and 15% trichloroacetic acid versus 15% trichloroacetic acid in the treatment of melasma
Omar Soliman Safoury, Nagla Mohamed Zaki, Eman Ahmad El Nabarawy, Eman Abas Farag
January-March 2009, 54(1):41-45
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48985  PMID:20049268
Background: Melasma is a symmetric progressive hyperpigmentation of the facial skin that occurs in all races but has a predilection for darker skin phenotypes. Depigmenting agents, laser and chemical peeling as classic Jessner's solution, modified Jessner's solution and trichloroacetic acid have been used alone and in combination in the treatment of melasma. Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the therapeutic effect of combined 15% Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and modified Jessner's solution with 15% TCA on melasma. Materials and Methods: Twenty married females with melasma (epidermal type), with a mean age of 38.25 years, were included in this study. All were of skin type III or IV. Fifteen percent TCA was applied to the whole face, with the exception of the left malar area to which combined TCA 15% and modified Jessner's solution was applied. Results: Our results revealed statistically highly significant difference between MASI Score (Melasma Area and Severity Index) between the right malar area and the left malar area. Conclusion: Modified Jessner's solution proved to be useful as an adjuvant treatment with TCA in the treatment of melasma, improving the results and minimizing postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.
  10 12,929 540
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Serum leptin, atherogenic lipids and glucose levels in patients with skin tags
Canan Gorpelioglu, Emel Erdal, Yasemin Ardicoglu, Bahattin Adam, Evren Sarifakioglu
January-March 2009, 54(1):20-22
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48980  PMID:20049263
Aim: To investigate the relationship between serum leptin, atherogenic lipid and glucose levels in patients with skin tags and healthy controls. Materials and Methods: A total of 58 patients, with at least three skin tags, aged 24 to 85 years, and 31 healthy controls aged 30 to 70 years, were examined in the present study. The subjects in all the groups were selected with statistically similar Body Mass Index (BMI). Fasting concentrations of plasma glucose, serum lipids including triglyceride, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), HbA1c, and leptin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, serum LDL level was calculated using Friedewald's formula. Results: There was no significant difference in age, sex, BMI, HbA1c, triglyceride, HDL and leptin levels between the groups. Skin tags group showed significantly higher levels of total cholesterol and LDL, when compared with the healthy controls groups ( P < .001). In addition, regression analysis showed that leptin level was positively correlated to serum triglyceride level (r = 0.265, P = 0.044). Conclusion: Total cholesterol and LDL serum levels should be controlled in patients with skin tags. On the other hand, glucose, leptin and HbA1c serum levels may not be as important as is being considered in recent times.
  10 4,676 309
REVIEW ARTICLE
Erythroderma : Review of a potentially life -threatening dermatosis
Cynthia Okoduwa, WC Lambert, RA Schwartz, E Kubeyinje, A Eitokpah, Smeeta Sinha, W Chen
January-March 2009, 54(1):1-6
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48976  PMID:20049259
Erythroderma, or generalized exfoliative dermatitis, is a disease characterized by erythema and scaling of greater than 90% of the body's surface. The resultant dysmetabolism is potentially life threatening. A detailed history is to identify and treat the underlying cause of this dermatitis. We present two cases of erythroderma in African patients and review this important disease.
  8 15,452 1,447
CORRESPONDENCES
Triple combination of hydroquinone, tretinoin and mometasone furoate with glycolic acid peels in melasma
Kiran V Godse
January-March 2009, 54(1):92-93
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49005  PMID:20049286
  7 30,545 665
SHORT COMMUNICATIONS
Impactitis: The impact factor myth syndrome
Mohamed L Elsaie, Jenna Kammer
January-March 2009, 54(1):83-85
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48998  PMID:20049281
Background : In the early 1960s, Eugene Garfield and Irving Sher created the journal impact factor to help select journals for the Science Citation Index (SCI). Today it has become a widespread subject of controversy even for Garfield, the man who created it who is quoted saying " Impact Factor is not a perfect tool to measure the quality of articles but there is nothing better and it has the advantage of already being in existence and is, therefore, a good technique for scientific evaluation". The use of the term "impact factor" has gradually evolved, especially in Europe, to include both journal and author impact. This ambiguity often causes problems. It is one thing to use impact factors to compare journals and quite another to use them to compare authors. Journal impact factors generally involve relatively large populations of articles and citations. Individual authors, on average, produce much smaller numbers of articles. Objectives: Impact factor, an index based on the frequency with which a journal's articles are cited in scientific publications, is a putative marker of journal quality. However, empiric studies on impact factor's validity as an indicator of quality are lacking. The authors try to evaluate and highlight the validity of Impact Factors and its significance as a tool of assessment for scientific publications. Methods: Analysis of the several reports in literature and from their own point of view. Conclusion: A journal's impact factor is based on 2 elements: the numerator, which is the number of citations in the current year to any items published in a journal in the previous 2 years, and the denominator, which is the number of substantive articles (source items) published in the same 2 years. The impact factor could just as easily be based on the previous year's articles alone, which would give an even greater weight to rapidly changing fields.
  7 4,395 219
CASE REPORTS
Childhood herpes zoster: A clustering of ten cases
Smitha Prabhu, H Sripathi, Sanjeev Gupta, Mukhyaprana Prabhu
January-March 2009, 54(1):62-64
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48991  PMID:20049274
Herpes zoster occurs due to reactivation of the latent varicella zoster virus and is usually a disease of the elderly. Childhood herpes zoster is believed to be rare, though recent studies suggest increasing incidence in children. Here we report ten cases of childhood herpes zoster, seven of which occurred within a short span of six months, at a tertiary care level hospital in Pokhara, Nepal. Only three of the ten children reported previous history of varicella infection and none was immunized against varicella. Though childhood herpes zoster accounted for less than 1% of the total zoster cases in the past, recent reports show an increase in the number of cases in apparently healthy children. So far, no studies have been done linking childhood herpes zoster with HIV, though there are many studies linking it with other immunocompromised conditions.
  5 6,768 375
Generalized eruptive syringomas
Mahnaz Jamalipour, Mitra Heidarpour, Parvin Rajabi
January-March 2009, 54(1):65-67
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48992  PMID:20049275
Generalized eruptive syringoma is a rare clinical presentation of a benign adnexal tumor that derives from the intraepidermal portion of the eccrine sweat ducts. It presents as successive crops of small flesh-colored papules on the anterior body surfaces. It generally occurs in the peripubertal period. Treatment of this benign condition is cosmetic only. A case of a 28-year-old female with an eight-year history of eruptive syringoma is presented.
  5 4,814 219
CORRESPONDENCES
Dhat syndrome :A reappraisal
Vandana Mehta, Abhishek De, C Balachandran
January-March 2009, 54(1):89-90
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49002  PMID:20049284
  5 5,732 310
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Alopecia areata is not associated with Helicobacter pylori
Hisham Zayan Abdel Hafez, Ayman Mohamed Mahran, Eman M Hofny, Dalia Abdel Aziz Attallah, Doaa Sameer Sayed, Heba Rashed
January-March 2009, 54(1):17-19
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48979  PMID:20049262
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an immune-mediated form of hair loss that occurs in all ethnic groups, ages, and both sexes. Helicobacter pylori has been associated with many extra-digestive dermatological conditions. The causal relation between alopecia areata and Helicobacter pylori is discussed in this study. Materials and Methods: We have screened for the presence of H. pylori in patients with AA, in order to determine any potential role in its patho-physiology. We have prospectively studied 31 patients with alopecia areata and 24 healthy volunteers of similar gender, for the presence of H. pylori stool antigen (HpSAg). Results: Optical density values for H. pylori infection was positive in 18 of the 31 patients evaluated (58.1%), while in 13 patients, the values did not support H. pylori infection (41.9%). In the control group, 10 of the 24 (41.7%) had positive results. Within the group of alopecia areata, there was no significant difference between HpSAg positive and negative patients. Conclusions: The results have shown that a relation between Helicobacter pylori and alopecia areata is not supported. We advise that H. pylori detection need not to be included in the laboratory work up of alopecia areata.
  5 5,048 199
CASE REPORTS
Malignant transformation of actinic keratoses to squamous cell carcinoma in an albino
Vijaya Sivalingam Ramalingam, Ramapriya Sinnakirouchenan, Devinder Mohan Thappa
January-March 2009, 54(1):46-48
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48986  PMID:20049269
A 25-year-old male, who was a known case of oculocutaneous albinism presented to us with right inguinal swellings of six months' duration. He gave a preceding history of a similar lump in the right thigh, which was excised at the Chennai Government Hospital. He was diagnosed to have oculocutaneous albinism with actinic keratoses, with multiple squamous cell carcinomas (with metastatic deposits in the right inguinal region) and cutaneous horns. The case is reported to highlight preventive aspects in the management of albinos.
  4 4,384 194
Multiple cutaneous leiomyomas: Pain relief with pulsed hysocine butyl bromide
Feroze Kaliyadan, Jayasree Manoj, AD Dharmaratnam
January-March 2009, 54(1):72-74
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48994  PMID:20049277
A 35-year-old male patient presented to our outpatient department, complaining of multiple, raised skin lesions on the forehead and back, associated with intermittent pain, especially on exposure to cold. A diagnosis of cutaneous leiomyoma (type 2 segmental) was made, which was confirmed by skin biopsy. The patient was started on a trial of pulsed Hyoscine Butyl bromide tablets, following which the patient had significant relief from pain associated with the lesions.
  4 3,729 202
Late reaction, persistent reaction and doubtful allergic reaction: The problems of interpretation
Nilendu Sarma
January-March 2009, 54(1):56-58
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48989  PMID:20049272
The standard method of patch test reading is to read the test site for any positive allergy at 48hr and then again at 72/96 hr. A late reading on the seventh day is also advised to exclude the irritant reaction (IR) and to notice some delayed development of allergic reaction. However, multiple visits are often difficult for the patient; therefore, this late reading is sometimes omitted. Here a case of plantar hyperkeratosis, due to allergic contact dermatitis, is reported with some insight into interpretation of the patch test. The patient showed delayed patch test reaction to formaldehyde and colophony, which has never been reported before.
  3 3,227 160
SHORT COMMUNICATIONS
Hirsutism in Kashmir: An etiological study
Qazi Masood Ahmad, Iffat Hassan Shah, Farah Sameem, Qurat-ul-ain Kamili, Javeed Sultan
January-March 2009, 54(1):80-82
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48997  PMID:20049280
Background: Hirsutism refers to the presence of terminal hairs at the body sites under androgenic control. Various factors, including genetic makeup and hormonal status, influence the rate and pattern of hair growth at these sites. Purpose: To study the pattern of hirsutism in Kashmir . Materials and Methods: Thirty five consecutive patients of hirsutism were included in the study. After detailed history taking, physical examination and relevant investigations, scoring of hirsutism was done using the Ferriman Gallwey (FG) scoring system. Findings: The FG score ranged from 10-34. Twenty patients had associated menstrual abnormalities. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) was diagnosed in four patients, hypothyroidism in two and congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in one. The rest of the patients had idiopathic hirsutism. Conclusion: Idiopathic hirsutism was the most common category, whilst PCOS, hypothyroidism and CAH were also seen.
  3 4,280 256
CASE REPORTS
Myxoid neurothekeoma: A rare soft tissue tumor of hand in a 5 month old infant
Hussah Al-Buainain, Kamalesh Pal, Hossam El Shafie, Dilip K Mitra, Mohammed A Shawarby
January-March 2009, 54(1):59-61
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48990  PMID:20049273
Myxoid Neurothekeoma is a rare benign nerve sheath tumor, commonly seen in young females. Patients usually present with a small nodule in different anatomical sites, commonly involving the face and the upper limb. We present the case of a five-month-old boy, who presented with a nodule on the left thumb. Punch biopsy and immunostaining confirmed the diagnosis of myxoid neurothekeoma. We believe this is the first reported case of myxoid neurothekeoma below 12 months of age.
  2 4,625 181
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Breast cancer, dermatofibromas and arsenic
Paul I Dantzig
January-March 2009, 54(1):23-25
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48981  PMID:20049264
Background: Dermatofibromas are common benign tumors in women, and breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. The aim of this study is to determine if there is any relationship between the two conditions. Materials and Methods: Five patients with dermatofibromas and 10 control patients (two groups) had their skin biopsies measured for arsenic by inductively coupled mass spectrometry. Fifty randomly selected patients with breast cancer and 50 control patients were examined for the presence of dermatofibromas. Results: The dermatofibromas were found to have an arsenic concentration of 0.171 micrograms/gram, compared with 0.06 and 0.07 micrograms/gram of the two control groups. Forty-three out of 50 patients with breast cancer had dermatofibromas and 32/50 patients with breast cancer had multiple dermatofibromas, compared to 10/50 control patients with dermatofibromas and only 1/50 with multiple dermatofibromas. Conclusions: Arsenic is important in the development of dermatofibromas and dermatofibromas represent a reservoir and important sign of chronic arsenic exposure. Dermatofibromas represent an important sign for women at risk for breast cancer, and arsenic may represent the cause of the majority of cases of breast cancer.
  2 4,473 191
CASE REPORTS
Disseminated cysticercosis with huge muscle hypertrophy
Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, Sumit Sen
January-March 2009, 54(1):49-51
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48987  PMID:20049270
Cysticercosis is caused by cysticercus cellulose, which is the larva of Taenia solium , the pork tapeworm. The larvae are carried in the blood stream after penetrating the walls of the alimentary tract and they lodge in different tissues like the skin, skeletal muscles, brain, fundus and heart, to cause disseminated cysticercosis. Cases of disseminated cysticercosis have rarely been reported in the literature. They may inhabit the muscles and cause muscular hypertrophy, which, at times, may assume gross proportions. Morbidity is usually caused by the involvement of the central nervous system or the eyes.
  1 4,799 311
CORRESPONDENCES
Sarcoidosis with photosensitive lesions : A rare variant
Asok Gangopadhyay, Jayanta Kumar Das, Sujata Sengupta
January-March 2009, 54(1):90-92
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49004  PMID:20049285
  1 3,121 151
CURRENT PERSPECTIVE
Intravenous immunoglobulin in dermatology
Sandipan Dhar
January-March 2009, 54(1):77-79
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48996  PMID:20049279
  1 6,050 755
DERMA QUEST
An 11- year - old boy with dark skin, swallowing difficulty and absence of tears
Debkrishna Mallick, Rajoo Thapa
January-March 2009, 54(1):95-97
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49007  PMID:20049288
  1 2,968 188
RESIDENTS PAGE
Autologous serum skin test
Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Sanjay Ghosh
January-March 2009, 54(1):86-87
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49000  PMID:20049282
  1 4,634 463
BASIC RESEARCH
Detection of R576 interleukin-4 receptor αn allele gene, serum interleukin-4, and eosinophilic cationic protein in atopic dermatitis patients
MY Abdel-Mawla, Y Mostafa, Y Abuel-Majd, Rasha Attwa
January-March 2009, 54(1):31-35
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48983  PMID:20049266
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic skin disease. It results from a complex interplay between strong genetic and environmental factors. The aim of this work was to study some biochemical markers of the dermatosis. This included detection of R576 interleukin-4 receptor alpha allele gene. Twenty five patients with AD and 25 controls participated in this study.
  - 3,186 176
CASE REPORTS
Elephantiasis of the external genitalia: A sequel to cutaneous tuberculosis
L Padmavathy, L Lakshmana Rao, K Chockalingam, N Ethirajan, M Dhanlakshmi
January-March 2009, 54(1):52-55
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48988  PMID:20049271
Tuberculosis continues to be an important public health problem and cutaneous tuberculosis constitutes a minor proportion of extra pulmonary manifestations of tuberculosis. Elephantiasis of the external genitalia, as a sequel to cutaneous tuberculosis, in a 40-year-old diabetic lady is being reported for its rarity. The patient also had lesions of healed scrofuloderma of 27 years' duration, in both axillae, with residual pedunculated nodules.
  - 3,883 215
Crusted piloleiomyoma with mental retardation: A rare association
Sangeeta Kamboj, Raj Kumar Sharma, Amit Kumar, Shyam Sundar Chaudhary, Vir Kumar Jain
January-March 2009, 54(1):75-76
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.48995  PMID:20049278
Piloleiomyoma is an uncommon benign smooth muscle neoplasm arising from arrector pili muscle. It is clinically defined by the presence of solitary or multiple reddish brown, dome-shaped, smooth papules or nodules, ranging in size from a few millimeters to a centimeter. The patients are otherwise healthy; but mental retardation developing in some patients with multiple Piloleiomyomas has been emerging as an intriguing matter for analysis by the scientists. In this case report, a mentally retarded patient with Piloleiomyoma is described, who, besides the characteristic smooth and dome-shaped lesions on the anterolateral aspect of the dorsum of the right foot, had developed crusting on one of the largest lesions. The histopathological features were consistent with Piloleiomyoma. The occurrence of Piloleiomyoma in a mentally retarded child and its unusual crusted nature has been rarely reported. The association between Piloleiomyoma and mental retardation is further stressed in this case report.
  - 3,070 108
CORRESPONDENCES
The efficacy of topical diphencyprone in the treatment of alopecia areata
Akhyani Maryam, Seirafi Hassan, Farnaghi Farshad, Banan Parastoo, Lajevardi Vahide
January-March 2009, 54(1):88-89
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49001  PMID:20049283
  - 6,994 282
Montelukast does not inhibit the late phase reaction in parthenium dermatitis
Lakshmi Chembolli, CR Srinivas
January-March 2009, 54(1):94-94
DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.49006  PMID:20049287
  - 2,877 109
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