Indian Journal of Dermatology
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 411--417

Mucocutaneous manifestations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A cross-sectional study from Eastern India


Sudip Kumar Ghosh1, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay2, Surajit Kumar Biswas1, Ivoreen Darung1 
1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudip Kumar Ghosh
Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, 1, Khudiram Bose Sarani, Kolkata - 700 004, West Bengal
India

Background: Cutaneous manifestations are fairly common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and they can help in early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and hence reduced morbidity from the disease. Aims: The objective of the present study was to find out the different patterns of dermatoses in a group of patients with RA from Eastern India. Methodology: Consecutive patients fulfilling the American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of RA and who had different dermatoses were included in this cross-sectional study done over a period of 8 years in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Thorough clinical examination and appropriate laboratory investigations were performed as needed. Data were recorded in a predesigned schedule, and appropriate statistical analysis was done. Results: We studied 111 evaluable patients with an age range of 19–71 years and a female to male ratio of 7:1. The mean disease duration of RA was 6.5 years. Cutaneous infections as a group was the most common mucocutaneous manifestation (34.2%) followed by xerosis including ichthyotic skin changes (27%), pigmented purpuric dermatoses (14.4%), leg ulcer (9.9%), periungual telangiectasia (9.9%), rheumatoid nodules (RNs) (8.1%), purpura and ecchymoses (7.2%), small vessel vasculitis in (7.2%), corn and callosities (6.3%), palmar erythema (4.5%), and neutrophilic dermatosis (4.5%). Raynaud's phenomenon was found in 3.6% patients and panniculitis in (3.6%) patients. Rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides antibody were positive in 74.8% and 88.3% patients, respectively. No statistically significant difference of incidence of leg ulcer, small vessel vasculitis, RN, or Raynaud's phenomenon could be noted between RF positive and negative groups. Limitations: Being an institution-based study, the study findings may not reflect the true situation in the community which remained a limitation of this study. Conclusion: While some of the features of this study were analogous to Western data, other features showed discordance which may be due to ethnic variations among the patients with RA.


How to cite this article:
Ghosh SK, Bandyopadhyay D, Biswas SK, Darung I. Mucocutaneous manifestations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A cross-sectional study from Eastern India.Indian J Dermatol 2017;62:411-417


How to cite this URL:
Ghosh SK, Bandyopadhyay D, Biswas SK, Darung I. Mucocutaneous manifestations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A cross-sectional study from Eastern India. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Jul 7 ];62:411-417
Available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5154;year=2017;volume=62;issue=4;spage=411;epage=417;aulast=Ghosh;type=0