Indian Journal of Dermatology
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-145

Mutation–proved Clouston syndrome in a large Indian family with a variant phenotype

Department of Medical Genetics, Institute of Genomics and Medical Genetics, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ishwar C Verma
Institute of Genomics and Medical Genetics, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_510_17

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Hereditary ectodermal dysplasias, a group of disorders affecting skin, hair, nails, and teeth, consist of two main clinical forms – hypohidrotic and hidrotic. Clouston syndrome is a hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia characterized by a triad of generalized hypotrichosis, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, and nail dystrophy. This paper reports a large Indian family with Clouston syndrome but with the absence of palmoplantar keratoderma, one of the features of the typical triad, thus representing phenotypic heterogeneity, in spite of the presence of a common known mutation in GJB6 gene (p.Gly11Arg).

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