Indian Journal of Dermatology
  Publication of IADVL, WB
  Official organ of AADV
Indexed with Science Citation Index (E) , Web of Science and PubMed
Users online: 3135  
Home About  Editorial Board  Current Issue Archives Online Early Coming Soon Guidelines Subscriptions  e-Alerts    Login  
    Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this page Email this page
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-111

Clinico-epidemiological study of disability due to leprosy at the time of diagnosis among patients attending a tertiary care institution

1 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad, Kerala, India
2 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
4 Department of Dermatology, MBH Hospital, Malappuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vengarakath Puthiyapura Reyila
Cherumadathil House, Parakkadavu, Moonniyoor, Malappuram, Kerala
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_185_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: With the declared elimination of leprosy as a public health problem, the World Health Organization has shifted the focus on the disabilities and deformities associated with leprosy. Aims: The aim was to study the Grade 1 and Grade 2 disability among newly diagnosed leprosy patients. Materials and Methods: All newly diagnosed leprosy patients attending the Outpatient Department of Government Medical College, Kozhikode, from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013 were included in the study and the Grade 1 and Grade 2 disabilities observed were analyzed. Results: During the 1-year period, 76 patients were diagnosed to have leprosy. Grade 1 and Grade 2 disabilities were noted in 31.6% and 17.1%, respectively. Major factors identified as risk for leprosy disability at the time of diagnosis were age >45 years, >5 skin lesions, ≥2 thickened peripheral nerve trunks, pure neuritic and borderline tuberculoid spectra of leprosy. Limitation: As the study was conducted in a tertiary care center, it does not perfectly indicate the status in the community. Conclusion: Disability noted in nearly 50% of leprosy cases at the time of diagnosis highlights the need to improve the effectivity of existing health-care system in early case detection and timely referral. In addition, it underscores the need to educate the affected regarding protective eye, foot, and hand care, so that progression to Grade 2 disability can be prevented.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded52    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal