Indian Journal of Dermatology
  Publication of IADVL, WB
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-73

The curious cases of burn by fig tree leaves


1 Surgical Oncology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Cardiac Anesthesia Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Ahmadabadi
Surgical Oncology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_442_17

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Phytophotodermatitis is a condition which is caused by contact with some plants containing furocoumarins. Furocoumarins in sap of fig tree are the main cause of its irritability when come in contact with the skin. The main symptoms are burning sensation and pain, itchy erythema, and edema, which usually begin 24 h after exposure. The leaf and root sap of the fig tree are the most potent parts causing irritant reaction. We report four children who were playing with fig tree leaves during a family picnic. They were referred to a burn center with second-degree burn in about 10% of total body surface area, due to phytophotodermatitis. Most people are not aware of the potential adverse effect of the plant. The improvement in general knowledge about the dangers of contacting fig tree leaves and sap and the benefits of suitable coverage at the time of harvesting or contacting fig tree may prevent such adverse effects.


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