Indian Journal of Dermatology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-27

The association of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in early-onset androgenetic alopecia in males: A case–control study


Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mukunda Ranga Swaroop
No. 108, First Floor, MIG, KHB Colony, 2nd Stage, 6th Cross, Basaveshwaranagar, Bengaluru -560 079, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_724_16

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Background: Men with premature androgenetic alopecia (AGA) are found to be susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome (MS), diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and also premature baldness can have a definite negative impact on self-image and self-esteem in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the strength of association between MS and/or insulin resistance (IR) in males with early-onset AGA. Methods: A total of 50 male patients with premature AGA and equal number of age-matched controls were enrolled in the study. Anthropometric measures, blood pressure, fasting glucose, fasting insulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were measured for all the participants. Association of IR and MS was evaluated. Results: Most common grade of hair loss was Grade IIIa (32%) of Hamilton–Norwood Scale of hair loss. Five out of 50 cases (10%) and 2 out of 50 controls (4%) had shown association with IR and the difference between the groups was statistically insignificant (P =0.23). Fifteen out of 50 cases (30%) and 4 out of 50 controls had shown association with MS and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (P =0.005). Conclusion: Male patients with early-onset AGA were not associated with IR. MS was associated with male patients with early-onset AGA. The results observed in our study may raise awareness in susceptible individuals that lifestyle changes in early life can reduce the risk of coronary heart diseases in the long term.


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