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CORRESPONDENCE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 439-440
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans secondary to a decorative tattoo: An Isotattootopic Response?


1 Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, Division of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
2 Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, Division of Pathological Anatomy, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Date of Web Publication31-Aug-2018

Correspondence Address:
Irene Lastrucci
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, Division of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Florence, Florence
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_265_17

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How to cite this article:
Lastrucci I, Gunnella S, Pileri A, Maio V, Grandi V. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans secondary to a decorative tattoo: An Isotattootopic Response?. Indian J Dermatol 2018;63:439-40

How to cite this URL:
Lastrucci I, Gunnella S, Pileri A, Maio V, Grandi V. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans secondary to a decorative tattoo: An Isotattootopic Response?. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Sep 18];63:439-40. Available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2018/63/5/439/240099




Sir,

A 37-year-old female presented with a firm skin-colored oval nodule arising on a tattoo on the left thigh. The lesion appeared 1 year earlier, about 5 years after she was tattooed and presented as a small nodule that has grown very slowly over time [Figure 1]. The past medical history was unremarkable.
Figure 1: Firm, skin-colored, hard nodule of about 2 cm in diameter grown in the context of a decorative ink tattoo

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A 5 mm punch biopsy was taken and histology showed a monotonous infiltrate consisting of fusiform cells in a fasciculate/storiform pattern with mild morphologic atypia [Figure 2]a, [Figure 2]b, involving the dermis and subcutaneous fat, sparing the epidermis. Immunohistochemistry staining for CD34 was positive [Figure 2]c. Based on the clinical, histological, and immunophenotypic data, a diagnosis of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) was made. The neoplasm was completely excised with Mohs' micrographic surgery and the patient underwent staging procedures (complete blood examination, including lactate dehydrogenase and a whole-body computed tomography scan) to rule out any visceral involvement. After 24 months of follow-up, the patient was in complete remission.
Figure 2: (a) Dense, monomorphic infiltrate composed of fusiform cells involving all thickness of dermis up to the hypoderma (H and E, ×50). (b) Tumor cells showed mild cytologic atypia and were distributed in a reticulate and storiform pattern (H and E, ×200). (c) Tumor cells showing marked CD34+ staining (CD34 immunohistochemistry, ×200)

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DFSP is a rare, locally invasive malignant tumor with a fibroblastic differentiation and an infrequent propensity to metastatic spread.[1] It usually appears as a slow-growing, skin-colored to violaceous single lesion involving an extremity,[1] consisting of a proliferation of CD34-positive spindle cells with a storiform/fascicular pattern involving the dermis and the subcutis.[2]

The European guidelines[1] suggest that DFSP should be surgically excised with a lateral margin of 3 cm in width. Mohs' micrographic surgery has been recommended because it has low rate of local recurrence.[1] Radiotherapy is rarely used, as second-line treatment in multiple relapsing disease or in inoperable masses.

DFSP has been reported to be related to chronic scars due to different type of local trauma. It has been hypothesized that the presence of a scar may be considered as a vulnerable site, in which may develop an opportunistic infection, tumor, or dysimmune reaction.[3] As observed in our case, DFSP should be included within the spectrum of possible tattoo-related conditions. As previously reported in the literature, we can speculate as to whether the tattooed area, owing to the presence of tattoo pigment, should be considered as an area of a chronic minor trauma,[4],[5] and thus, follow-up of tattooed patient as well as cutaneous biopsy of lesion within a decorative tattoo should be recommended.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Saiag P, Grob JJ, Lebbe C, Malvehy J, del Marmol V, Pehamberger H, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. European consensus-based interdisciplinary guideline. Eur J Cancer 2015;51:2604-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Aiba S, Tabata N, Ishii H, Ootani H, Tagami H. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a unique fibrohistiocytic tumour expressing CD34. Br J Dermatol 1992;127:79-84.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Huynh TN, Jackson JD, Brodell RT. Tattoo and vaccination sites: Possible nest for opportunistic infections, tumors, and dysimmune reactions. Clin Dermatol 2014;32:678-84.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Baker PA, O'Dowd GJ, Khan IU. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans arising in a decorative tattoo. Sarcoma 2005;9:37-41.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Reddy KK, Hanke CW, Tierney EP. Malignancy arising within cutaneous tattoos: Case of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and review of literature. J Drugs Dermatol 2011;10:837-42.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


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