Indian Journal of Dermatology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 281-284

Vitiligo and psychiatric morbidity: A profile from a vitiligo clinic of a rural-based tertiary care center of eastern India


1 Department of Dermatology, B. S Medical College, Bankura, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Burdwan Medical College, Bardhaman, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, MMC, Midnapore, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tanusree Sarkar
Department of Dermatology, Burdwan Medical College, Barsul, Bardhaman - 713 124, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_142_18

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Background: Vitiligo is an idiopathic acquired progressive de/hypopigmentary disorder of skin and mucosae. In Indian skin depigmentaion is very much obvious and can cause psychological distress, low self esteem and social stigmatization. Aims: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the psychiatric morbidity in vitiligo patients and secondary objective was to assess the morbidity in all eight dimensions of psychosocial and physical aspects, i.e. cognitive, social, discomfort, limitations, depression, fear, embarrassment and anger. Materials and Methods: An institution based case-control study with sixty-one patients of vitiligo and equal number of healthy age and sex matched controls was undertaken. The self-reporting questionnaire-24 (SRQ-24) and skindex (A 61-item survey questionnaire) were used to assess the psychiatric morbidity in both the groups. Results: The SRQ-assessed psychiatric morbidity in the study group was 63.93%, compared with 24.59% in the control group (P<0.0001). Acral vitiligo had maximum association with psychiatric morbidity (86.67%) followed by vitiligo vulgaris (68%), mucosal vitiligo (62.5%) and others. According to the skindex, the most common psychiatric morbidity in vitiligo patients was depression (62.29%) followed by embarrassment (55.73%), social problem (54.09%), cognitive impairment (50.81%), physical limitation (47.54%), discomfort (40.98%), anger (36.06%) and fear (24.59%). The difference in Skindex scoring that marked the psychiatric morbidity among the case and control groups was statistically significant for depression, discomfort, social problem, cognitive impairment, embarrassment (P<0.0001) and physical limitation (P=0.0044). Conclusion: Vitiligo has a high degree of psychiatric morbidity.


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