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CORRESPONDENCE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 85-87
Serum Omentin-1 in psoriasis


1 Department of Dermatology, Andrology and STDs, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, Egypt
2 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, Egypt

Date of Web Publication13-Feb-2018

Correspondence Address:
Ola Ahmed Bakry
Department of Dermatology, Andrology and STDs, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijd.IJD_222_17

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How to cite this article:
Bakry OA, El Farargy S, Ghanayem N, Galal S. Serum Omentin-1 in psoriasis. Indian J Dermatol 2018;63:85-7

How to cite this URL:
Bakry OA, El Farargy S, Ghanayem N, Galal S. Serum Omentin-1 in psoriasis. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Nov 18];63:85-7. Available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2018/63/1/85/225306




Sir,

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects 2 to 3% of the population worldwide and causes significant morbidity.[1]

Although the exact cause remains unknown, the evolving evidences suggest that psoriasis is a complex disorder caused by the interaction of multiple genes, the immune system, and the environment.[2]

Adipokines are pharmacologically active, low molecular weight proteins that exert pleiotropic functions through several metabolic pathways.[3]

In psoriasis, adipokines may be implicated in disease onset, progression, severity as well as in the pathogenesis of comorbidities.[4]

Omentin-1 is a fat depot-specific adipokine that is synthesised by visceral stromal vascular cells.[5]

The aim of the present work is to investigate serum levels of omentin-1 in nonobese patients with psoriasis compared with healthy controls.

This study included 45 nonobese cases with chronic plaque psoriasis and 45 age, sex and body mass index-matched healthy controls. Clinical characteristics of selected cases are summarized in [Table 1]. A written informed consent was taken from every participant and the study was approved by the local ethical research committee. All cases and control participants with obesity, smoking, diabetes, acute and chronic infections, malignancy, autoimmune disorders, cardiac, hepatic and renal diseases, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and dermatological disease other than psoriasis were excluded from this study. Extent and severity of psoriasis were assessed according to Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score.
Table 1: Clinical data of selected cases

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[6] Serum omentin-1 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Serum level of omentin-1 was significantly lower in patients than control group and was negatively correlated with PASI score [Figure 1]. No significant association was detected between serum omentin-1 level and other clinical data of selected cases.
Figure 1: (a) Serum omentin-1 in cases and controls. (b) Significant negative correlation between serum omentin-1 and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score in studied cases

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Low serum omentin-1 in psoriatic cases compared with healthy controls was in agreement with Ismail and Mohamed and Turan et al.[7],[8]

Patients with psoriasis display impaired endothelial-dependent relaxation which may correlate with the future development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events [9] with increased rate of myocardial infarction and stroke.[10] Increased carotid intima-media thickness, a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis, has been demonstrated repeatedly in patients with psoriasis.[11]

Some data suggest that the likelihood of endothelial dysfunction is correlated with disease severity and disease duration.[12]

Omentin-1 directly induces an endothelium-dependent relaxation that is caused by nitric oxide produced by the endothelium.[13] Circulating omentin level is negatively correlated with carotid intima-media thickness, which is a marker of early atherosclerosis. Low level of circulating omentin-1 is also associated with the prevalence of coronary artery disease.[14]

Omentin-1 exhibits powerful anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting the inflammatory cytokine network and downregulating tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced expression of endothelial adhesion molecules [15] and TNF-α induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression.[13]

The primary effect of TNF-α in pathogenesis of psoriasis is the regulation of interaction between dendritic cells and antigen specific-T-cells that drives the stimulation of T-cell responses.[16] Also TNF-α, by the induction of IL-23 production from dendritic cells, results in enhanced Th17 responses which has a key role in cytokine network of psoriasis.[17]

Therefore, taking all aforementioned data together, low omentin-1 may enhance psoriasis development through increasing TNF-α. Cardiovascular comorbidity in psoriasis may be explained, at least in part, by low serum omentin-1.

Nonobese psoriatic cases are also at risk of developing cardiovascular morbidity. Follow-up of psoriatic cases is mandatory to guard against cardiovascular accidents even if these cases are nonobese.

The negative correlation between omentin-1 and PASI score went with Takahashi et al[18] and may indicate that omentin-1 could be a useful biomarker for disease severity or monitoring the response to therapy.

And now, a question arises; what is the therapeutic value of omentin-1 in psoriasis management? Could it induce disease control? Could it prevent the associated cardiovascular morbidity? Clinical trials are needed to get the answer.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Fitch E, Harper E, Skorcheva I, Kurtz SE, Blauvelt A. Pathophysiology of psoriasis: Recent advances on IL-23 and Th17 cytokines. Curr Rheumatol Rep 2007;9:461-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.
Krueger JG. The immunologic basis for the treatment of psoriasis with new biologic agents. J Am Acad Dermatol 2002;46:1-23.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
Gualillo O, González-Juanatey JR, Lago F. The emerging role of adipokines as mediators of cardiovascular function: Physiologic and clinical perspectives. Trends Cardiovasc Med 2007;17:275-83.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Dalamaga M, Papadavid E. Adipocytokines and psoriasis: Insights into mechanisms linking obesity and inflammation to psoriasis. World J Dermatol 2013;2:27-31.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Schäffler A, Neumeier M, Herfarth H, Fürst A, Schölmerich J, Büchler C, et al. Genomic structure of human omentin, a new adipocytokine expressed in omental adipose tissue. Biochim Biophys Acta 2005;1732:96-102.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Langley RG, Ellis CN. Evaluating psoriasis with psoriasis area and severity index, psoriasis global assessment, and lattice system physician's global assessment. J Am Acad Dermatol 2004;51:563-9.  Back to cited text no. 6
[PUBMED]    
7.
Ismail SA, Mohamed SA. Serum levels of visfatin and omentin-1 in patients with psoriasis and their relation to disease severity. Br J Dermatol 2012;167:436-9.  Back to cited text no. 7
[PUBMED]    
8.
Turan H, Yaykasli KO, Soguktas H, Yaykasli E, Aliagaoglu C, Erdem T, et al. Omentin serum levels and omentin gene val109Asp polymorphism in patients with psoriasis. Int J Dermatol 2014;53:601-5.  Back to cited text no. 8
[PUBMED]    
9.
Singh G, Aneja SP. Cardiovascular comorbiditiy in psoriasis. Indian J Dermatol 2011;56:553-6.  Back to cited text no. 9
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
10.
Mehta NN, Azfar RS, Shin DB, Neimann AL, Troxel AB, Gelfand JM, et al. Patients with severe psoriasis are at increased risk of cardiovascular mortality: Cohort study using the General Practice Research Database. Eur Heart J 2010;31:1000-6.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Brezinski EA, Follansbee MR, Armstrong EJ, Armstrong AW. Endothelial dysfunction and the effects of TNF inhibitors on the endothelium in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: A systematic review. Curr Pharm Des 2014;20:513-28.  Back to cited text no. 11
[PUBMED]    
12.
Balci DD, Balci A, Karazincir S, Ucar E, Iyigun U, Yalcin F, et al. Increased carotid artery intima-media thickness and impaired endothelial function in psoriasis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2009;23:1-6.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Yamawaki H, Tsubaki N, Mukohda M, Okada M, Hara Y. Omentin, a novel adipokine, induces vasodilation in rat isolated blood vessels. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2010;393:668-72.  Back to cited text no. 13
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14.
Shibata R, Ouchi N, Takahashi R, Terakura Y, Ohashi K, Ikeda N, et al. Omentin as a novel biomarker of metabolic risk factors. Diabetol Metab Syndr 2012;4:37.  Back to cited text no. 14
[PUBMED]    
15.
Gerdes S, Rostami-Yazdi M, Mrowietz U. Adipokines and psoriasis. Exp Dermatol 2011;20:81-7.  Back to cited text no. 15
[PUBMED]    
16.
Yamawaki H, Kuramoto J, Kameshima S, Usui T, Okada M, Hara Y, et al. Omentin, a novel adipocytokine inhibits TNF-induced vascular inflammation in human endothelial cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2011;408:339-43.  Back to cited text no. 16
    
17.
Summers deLuca L, Gommerman JL. Fine-tuning of dendritic cell biology by the TNF superfamily. Nat Rev Immunol 2012;12:339-51.  Back to cited text no. 17
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18.
Takahashi H, Tsuji H, Honma M, Ishida-Yamamoto A, Iizuka H. Increased plasma resistin and decreased omentin levels in Japanese patients with psoriasis. Arch Dermatol Res. 2013;305:113-6.  Back to cited text no. 18
    


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