Indian Journal of Dermatology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 142-146

Quality of life and psychological morbidity in vitiligo patients: A study in a teaching hospital from north-east India


1 Department of Dermatology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guahati, Assam, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyoti Nath
House No-246, Suravi Path, Jatia, Kahilipara Road, Guwahati-781 019, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.152508

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Background : Vitiligo is an acquired discoloration of skin and mucous membrane of great cosmetic importance affecting 1-4% of the world's population. It causes disfiguration in all races, more so in dark-skinned people because of strong contrast. Men, women, and children with vitiligo face severe psychological and social disadvantage. Aim: To assess the impact of the disease on the quality of life of patients suffering from vitiligo, also to ascertain any psychological morbidity like depression associated with the disease and to compare the results with that of healthy control group. Materials and Methods : Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) are administered to 100 vitiligo patients presenting to the Dermatology OPD and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Results were analyzed and compared with that of control group. Findings are also correlated in relation to demographic and clinical profile of the disease. Statistical analysis is made to see the significance. Results : Vitiligo-affected patients had significantly elevated total DLQI scores (P < 0.001) compared to healthy controls. There is increase in parameters like itch, embarrassment, social and leisure activities in the patient cohort than the control group. Patients of vitiligo are also found to be more depressed (P < 0.001) than the controls. Conclusion : Quality of life (QOL) in patients affected with vitiligo declined more severely, and also there is increase in incidence of depression than in the control group. These changes are critical for the psychosocial life of the affected people.


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