Indian Journal of Dermatology
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MYCOLOGY ROUND
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 268-270

Mycological pattern of dermatophytosis in and around Shimla hills


1 Department of Microbiology, IGMC, Shimla, India
2 Department of Dermatovenerology, RPGMC, Tanda, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suruchi Bhagra
25/1 Lower Bazaar, Shimla
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.131392

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Introduction: Dermatophytosis is defined as the fungal infection of the skin, hair and nails by a group of keratinophillic fungi known as dermatophytes. Aims and Objectives: This study is an attempt to find out various species of dermatophytes in clinically suspected cases of dermatophytosis. Materials and Methods: One hundred samples were subjected to direct microscopy by potassium hydroxide wet mount (KOH) and isolation on culture with Sabourauds dextrose agar. Results: Out of these 80 (80%) samples were KOH positive while 20 (20%) were KOH negative. Overall culture positivity rate was 68%. Dermatophytosis was more common in males, the M:F ratio was 4:1. Conclusion: Total seven species were isolated on culture. Trichophyton rubrum (66.17%) was the commonest isolate followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes (19.11%), Trichophyton violaceum (7.35%), Trichophyton tonsurans (2.94%) and one isolate each of Epidermophyton floccosum and Microsporum gypseum (1.47%).


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