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CORRESPONDENCE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 101-102
Trichotillomania contrasting clinical connotation in a child and adult women


1 Dermato-Venereology (Skin/VD) Center, Sehgal Nursing Home, Delhi, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and leprosy, RMMCH, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication23-Dec-2013

Correspondence Address:
Virendra N Sehgal
Dermato-Venereology (Skin/VD) Center, Sehgal Nursing Home, Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.123529

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How to cite this article:
Sehgal VN, Prasad PV, Lal JB. Trichotillomania contrasting clinical connotation in a child and adult women. Indian J Dermatol 2014;59:101-2

How to cite this URL:
Sehgal VN, Prasad PV, Lal JB. Trichotillomania contrasting clinical connotation in a child and adult women. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Sep 16];59:101-2. Available from: http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2014/59/1/101/123529


Sir,

A 10-year-old boy who was studying 5 th standard in the public sector school reported with progressive thinning of the hair from the right scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes. Child was introverted and backbencher. Little attention was given to the child. He was found to be engaged in pulling out and twisting the hair from the right scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes, resulting in an explicit rarefaction [Figure 1]. The process was irresistible and continuing for the past 2 years.
Figure 1: Thinning/rarefaction of the hair of the right scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes

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Interestingly, during the sojourn, an elderly 65-year-old woman reported with a well-demarcated, localized progressive loss of hair in the midst of thick, white hair for the past 3 months. The stumps of the hair could be seen embarrassing the underling skin [Figure 2]. She has been alone and was being looked after by her grand-daughter. She seldom had an opportunity of interaction with either her own family members or others. She seemed to have been a victim of isolation in a far flung small village in South India.
Figure 2: Localized, non-scarring loss of hair on the scalp

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Trichotillomania/hair-pulling madness is an intriguing compulsive disorder, resulting in alopecia from repetitive hair manipulations, comprising pull out or twists until it breaks off. [1],[2] The process results in an instant release of tension, a sense of relief and security. Non-scaring alopecia is its clinical presentation, both in children and adults. The hair may be eaten, the trichobezoar resulting in gastrointestinal disturbances, such as intestinal obstruction, perforation, pancreatitis and obstructive jaundice, The Rapunzel syndrome may occur when gastrointestinal obstruction is produced by a rare manifestation of a trichobezoar with a long tail that extends to or beyond the ileocecal valve. [3]

The diagnosis is made after taking a thorough history, noting the clinical features and evaluating a hair-root examination, where telogen hair is (almost) completely lacking, which distinguish trichotillomania from other hair disorders. In addition, co-axial tomography scan [4] of whole abdomen is imperative to perform in order to evaluate it gastrointestinal undertones.

Treatment modalities vary in childhood and adult varieties. Apart from psychotherapy, the drug treatment involves several agents including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and clomipramine. Trichobezoar/Rapunzel syndrome requires surgical intervention. [5]

 
   References Top

1.Sehgal VN, Srivastava G. Trichotillomania ± trichobezoar: Revisited. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2006;20:911-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.Cotterill JA, Millard LG. Psychocutaneous disorders. In: Champion RH, Burton JL, Burns DA, Breathnach SM, editors. 6 th ed., Vol. 4. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998. p. 1438-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Seker B, Dilek ON, Karaayvaz M. Trichobezoars as a cause of gastrointestinal obstructions: The Rapunzel syndrome. Acta Gastroenterol Belg 1996;59:166-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.El Hajjam M, Lakhloufi A, Bouzidi A, Kadiri R. CT features of a voluminous gastric trichobezoar. Eur J Pediatr Surg 2001;11:131-2.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]    
5.Oranje AP, Bilo RA. Habit disorders and factitious disease. In: Harper J, Oranje AP, Prose N, editors. Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology. 1 st ed., Vol. 2. London: Blackwell Science; 2000. p. 1720-4.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

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