Indian Journal of Dermatology
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BASIC RESEARCH
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 265-268

Netherton syndrome in one Chinese adult with a novel mutation in the SPINK5 gene and immunohistochemical studies of LEKTI


1 Department of Dermatology, Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology, Guangzhou 510095, People's Republic of China
2 Department of Dermatology, Dongguan Institute of Dermatology, Dongguan 523008, People's Republic of China

Correspondence Address:
Zhang Xi-Bao
Department of Dermatology, Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology, Guangzhou 510095, Guangdong Province
People's Republic of China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.97660

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Background : Netherton syndrome (NS) is a severe autosomal recessive ichthyosis. It is characterized by congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, trichorrhexis invaginata, ichthyosis linearis circumflexa, atopic diathesis, and frequent bacterial infections. The disease is caused by mutations in the SPINK5 (serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 5) gene, a new type of serine protease inhibitor involved in the regulation of skin barrier formation and immunity. We report one Chinese adult with NS. The patient had typical manifestation of NS except for trichorrhexis invaginata with an atopic diathesis and recurrent staphylococcal infections since birth. Aims: To evaluate the gene mutation and of its product activity of SPINK5 gene in confirmation of the diagnosis of one Chinese adult with NS. Materials and Methods: To screen mutations in the SPINK5 gene, 33 exons and flanking intron boundaries of SPINK5 were amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and used for direct sequencing. In addition, immunohistochemical staining of LEKTI (lymphoepithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor) with specific antibody was used to confirm the diagnosis of NS. The results were compared with that of healthy individuals (twenty-five blood samples). Results: A G318A mutation was found at exon 5 of patient's SPINK5 gene which is a novel missense mutation. The PCR amplification products with mutation-specific primer were obtained only from the DNA of the patients and their mother, but not from their father and 25 healthy individuals. Immunohistochemical studies indicated there was no LEKTI expression in NS patient's skin and there was a strong LEKTI expression in the normal human skin. Conclusion: In this report, we describe heterozygous mutation in the SPINK5 gene and expression of LEKTI in one Chinese with NS. The results indicate that defective expression of LEKTI in the epidermis and mutations of SPINK5 gene are reliable for diagnostic feature of NS with atypical clinical symptoms.


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