Indian Journal of Dermatology
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 63-65

A clinicopathological study of cutaneous tuberculosis at Dibrugarh district, Assam


1 Department of Dermatology, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Binod Kumar Thakur
Department of Dermatology, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, 5th Mile, Tadong, Gangtok
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.92685

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Background: Cutaneous tuberculosis forms a small subset of extra pulmonary tuberculosis and has a worldwide distribution. Aims: The present study is an attempt to find out the incidence, clinical spectrum, and histopathological features of cutaneous tuberculosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 42 cases of newly diagnosed patients of cutaneous tuberculosis attending dermatology out patient department over a period of 1 year were included in the study. A detailed clinical examination and investigations including histopathological examination were carried out. Results: Scrofuloderma was the most common form seen in 50% cases followed by lupus vulgaris in 42.86%, tuberculosis verrucosa cutis in 4.76%, and lichen scrofulosorum in 2.38% cases. The Mantoux test was positive in 83.33% cases. Characteristic tuberculoid granulomas were seen in 72.22% cases of lupus vulgaris, 42.86% cases of scrofuloderma and all cases of tuberculosis verrucosa cutis and lichen scrofulosorum. Conclusion: Cutaneous tuberculosis is still highly prevalent in upper Assam. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent its complications.


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