Indian Journal of Dermatology
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IJD SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 64-67

Mucocutaneous manifestations of Chikungunya fever


Department of Dermatology, STD, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata 700 004, India

Correspondence Address:
Debabrata Bandyopadhyay
Department of Dermatology, STD, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, 1, Khudiram Bose Sarani, Kolkata - 700 004
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.60356

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Chikungunya fever (CF) is an arboviral acute febrile illness transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. After a quiescence of more than three decades, CF has recently re-emerged as a major public health problem of global scale. CF is characterized by an acute onset of high fever associated with a severe disabling arthritis often accompanied by prominent mucocutaneous manifestations. The disease is usually self-limiting, but the joint symptoms and some of the cutaneous features may persist after the defervescence. A wide range of mucocutaneous changes has been described to occur in association with CF during the current epidemic. Besides a morbilliform erythema, hyperpigmentation, xerosis, excoriated papules, aphthous-like ulcers, vesiculobullous and lichenoid eruptions, and exacerbation of pre-existing or quiescent dermatoses had been observed frequently. These unusual features may help in the clinical differential diagnosis of acute viral exanthems mimicking CF.


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