Indian Journal of Dermatology
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 116-118

Oral manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients


Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital and North Bengal Dental College, India

Correspondence Address:
Sumit Sen
CG 75, Sector II, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700 091, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.60369

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Background: Oral lesions are common among Human Immuno deficiency Virus (HIV)-positive patients. The pattern of oral features in these persons may differ in separate settings. Aims: To find out the spectrum of oral manifestations among a section of seropositive individuals attending the antiretroviral therapy (ART) centre of a referral hospital. Materials and Methods: A total of three hundred and twenty-one newly diagnosed seropositive patients were enrolled in this study. Of these, ninety-four patients who demonstrated lesions related to the oral cavity were examined intra-orally by a clinician. HIV testing was done with ELISA and CD4 counts were measured with the help of fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS) system. Results: Fifty-four respondents presented exclusively with oral lesions. Candidiasis patients were the largest group (38.30%). Conclusion: HIV disease presents a plethora of oral manifestations, which provide valuable diagnostic and prognostic information.


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