Indian Journal of Dermatology
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EPIDEMIOLOGY ROUND
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 338-341

Dermatological manifestations in HIV-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital in a tribal (Bastar) region of Chhattisgarh, India


1 Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
2 Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
3 Department of Dermatology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
4 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India
5 Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG), India

Correspondence Address:
Harminder Singh
Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Jagdalpur (CG)
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.57609

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Background: Cutaneous disorders during HIV infection are numerous and skin is often the first and only organ affected during most of the course of HIV disease. Some Cutaneous disorders reflect the progression of HIV disease; though the relation is still controversial. Aims : The objective of this study, conducted at a tertiary care centre in Bastar, Jagdalpur, is to estimate the status of cutaneous manifestation in HIV-infected patients and its relationship with CD4 cell counts. Methods: We enrolled 137 HIV positive subjects. Demographic information such as age, gender, weight, height, socioeconomic status, and educational status were recorded. Laboratory parameter (CD4 counts) and treatment regimen were noted. Patients were examined for skin disorders by a dermatologist. Data were analyzed using chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: Majority of the patients were from rural area (65.69%) and belonged to a low socioeconomic and educational status. 30.65% of the patients were housewives, 23.35% drivers, and 16.78% labourers. Predominant mode of transmission was heterosexual contact (94.16%). Most common HIV-related dermatological manifestations were seborrheic dermatitis (74.16%), xerosis (52.5%), generalized skin hyperpigmentation 56 (46.67%), onychomycosis 53 (44.16%), pruritic papular eruption 27 (22.5%), oral candidiasis 21 (17.5%), photo dermatitis 21 (17.5%), and scabies 4 (3.33%). Significant correlation with low CD4+ cell counts was found for oral candidiasis (P < 0.0001) and Kaposi's sarcoma ( P = 0.03), while other disorders such as seborrheic dermatitis ( P = 0.22), xerosis ( P = 0.25), and onychomycosis (P = 0.08) were not statistically significant. Conclusion : This study showed high prevalence of dermatological manifestations in HIV-infected subjects, and they occur more frequently with progression of HIV and decline in immune functions. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of skin disorders can improve the quality of life of HIV-infected subjects.


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