Indian Journal of Dermatology
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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 183-185

An uncontrolled open pilot study to assess the role of dietary eliminations in reducing the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants and children


1 Department of Pediatric Dermatology, Institute of Child Health, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Pediatric Medicine, Institute of Child Health, Kolkata, India
3 Department of Dietetics, Institute of Child Health, Kolkata, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandipan Dhar
Flat 2A2, Block 2, 5, NSC Bose Road, Kolkata - 700 040
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.53187

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Background: The severity of atopic dermatitis (AD) has been reported to be reduced by dietary eliminations in a subset of patients with AD. Aims: To assess the reduction of the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants and children after eliminations of certain dietary items. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 100 children with atopic dermatitis. Their severity of itching, surface area of involvement, and SCORAD index were measured. Patients who did not have any systemic disease or were not on systemic corticosteroids were included in the study. Selected patients were advised to strictly adhere to a diet excluding milk and milk products, all kinds of nuts and nut-containing foods, egg and egg-containing foods, seafish and prawns, brinjal and soyabean for a period of 3 weeks. Instead of these avoided items, the food items to be included freely to maintain proper nutrition were dal and dal products, rohu fish, chicken, and fruits. All the preintervention parameters were measured again after 3 weeks. Results: There was a statistically significant reduction in severity scores after dietary elimination alone. Conclusion: Dietary elimination helped to alleviate symptoms and signs in a subset of infants and children with AD.


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