Indian Journal of Dermatology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 75-76

Crusted piloleiomyoma with mental retardation: A rare association


1 Department of Dermatology, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sangeeta Kamboj
Room No-52, Senior Girls Hostel, Bariatu Road, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi-834 009
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.48995

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Piloleiomyoma is an uncommon benign smooth muscle neoplasm arising from arrector pili muscle. It is clinically defined by the presence of solitary or multiple reddish brown, dome-shaped, smooth papules or nodules, ranging in size from a few millimeters to a centimeter. The patients are otherwise healthy; but mental retardation developing in some patients with multiple Piloleiomyomas has been emerging as an intriguing matter for analysis by the scientists. In this case report, a mentally retarded patient with Piloleiomyoma is described, who, besides the characteristic smooth and dome-shaped lesions on the anterolateral aspect of the dorsum of the right foot, had developed crusting on one of the largest lesions. The histopathological features were consistent with Piloleiomyoma. The occurrence of Piloleiomyoma in a mentally retarded child and its unusual crusted nature has been rarely reported. The association between Piloleiomyoma and mental retardation is further stressed in this case report.


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