Indian Journal of Dermatology
  Publication of IADVL, WB
  Official organ of AADV
Indexed with Science Citation Index (E) , Web of Science and PubMed
 
Users online: 1872  
Home About  Editorial Board  Current Issue Archives Online Early Coming Soon Guidelines Subscriptions  e-Alerts    Login  
    Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this page Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 250-254

Patch testing in Iranian patients: A ten-year experience


1 Department of Dermatology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Masoud Davoudi
Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Mollasadra Ave. Tehran
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.30287

Rights and Permissions

Background: Allergic contact dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease, which may occur as a result of exposure to specific allergens. Genetic and allergen exposure variations are determinants of different frequency of sensitization in different countries. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of sensitization to contact allergens in the Iranian patients with dermatitis. Materials and Methods: We analyzed our patch-test database in a referral skin clinic in Tehran, Iran, retrospectively. All patients patch-testing with a clinical diagnosis of contact dermatitis and/or atopic dermatitis over a 10-year period (1993 to 2002) were included. The 23-allergen European standard series (ESS) screening has been used for evaluation in all the patients. Results: Data were available from a total of 222 patients. Out of them, 145 patients (65.3%) showed at least one positive reaction and 34 patients (15.3%) had more than two positive reactions. The five most common allergens were: nickel sulfate 50 (22.6%), cobalt chloride chloride 32 (14.5%), fragrance mix 30 (13.6%), potassium dichromate 21 (9.5%) and neomycin sulfate 20 (9.0%). Contact allergy to nickel sulfate was significantly more common in females and in younger patients ( P <0.05). Fragrance mix was the most common allergen in male patients, but there was no significant difference in its frequency between males and females. Conclusion: The ESS seems to be suitable for patch testing patients in Iran. Nickel sulfate was found to be the most common contact allergen in Iran, mostly affecting women and younger patients probably due to more exposure.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed6755    
    Printed128    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded194    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal