Indian Journal of Dermatology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 200-201

Allergic contact dermatitis to turmeric in kumkum


Rangas Centre of Dermatology and Cosmetology, 18, Cowley Brown Road, R. S. Puram, Coimbatore - 641 002, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
C R Srinivas
Rangas Centre of Dermatology and Cosmetology, 18, Cowley Brown Road, R. S. Puram, Coimbatore - 641 002, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.27987

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A forty-three year old house-wife developed dermatitis over the center of forehead following application of kumkum, bindi and sticker (except one brand) since six months. Patch testing with various brands of kumkum and regularly available sticker used by the patient elicited positive reaction except one brand used by the patient. Kumkum is made by mixing turmeric (Curcuma longa) powder with small amount of lime (calcium hydroxide). She was patch tested with turmeric, to which she developed positive reaction. Subsequently she was patch tested with turmeric powder boiled and air-dried and also the acetone-extract and precipitate of the powder. She tested positive to all the extracts and precipitates, but the turmeric powder which was dried by boiling did not elicit positive reaction. She was advised to use boiled and dried turmeric to make kumkum for use. However, the kumkum powder prepared following boiling had lost its adhesive property and hence was unacceptable. She was offered Castellani's paint and eosin with starch for application. Both were acceptable for 2 months, but she subsequently developed irritant reaction to the paint with starch. She continues to use the non-allergic sticker (Kanchan sticker kumkum) while we are trying to find other alternatives to kumkum.


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