Indian Journal of Dermatology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-32

Contact dermatitis in cement workers in Isfahan


Skin Disease Research Center and Department of Dermatology, Isfahan University School of Medicine, Isfaha, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Fariba Iraji
Skin Disease Research Center and Department of Dermatology, Isfahan University School of Medicine, Isfaha
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.25185

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BACKGROUND: Due to recent industrialization and inadequately protected workers or in other words poor supervision on constructive workers habits in our large city of Isfahan cement contact dermatitis is relatively high especially among cement factory workers and constructive personnel. PURPOSES: To investigate the prevalence rate of cement contact dermatitis in cement factory workers in Isfahan. METHODS: A case-control clinical study was carried out by randomly selecing 150 factory workders and 150 official clerks in a cement factory in Isfahan in 2001. After a complete physical examination, data was recorded in observational checklists. FINDINGS: The percentages of contact dermatitis prevalences in the first and the second groups were 22% and 5.3% respectively. About 60% of cement workers with contact dermatitis were between 30-40 years of age. There was a direct relationship with age in both groups of the workers. In the high-exposure group, the hand eczema along was 70% but in the other group the percentage of involvement was the same in exposed and unexposed anatomical areas. CONCLUSIONS: There was a direct relationship between occurrence and the severity of involvement and duration of contact in the first group. Cent percent of cement workers had contact dermatitis after 10 or less years, but the percentage among the other group was 35%. LIMITATION: Irritant contact dermatitis to cement has not been detected.


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